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Construction work is rather hard and requires skilled labor and people who are trained to deal calmly and safely in possible dangerous environments. Construction workers are likely to have accidents and injuries more than many other occupations. Working without these safety measures in the workplace, result in taking risks of accidents and may cause health problems of workers. The objective of the study was to determine factors associated with accidents among residential construction workers in the city of Udon Thani province. The data were collected by interviews on 10 construction projects with 248 residential construction workers interviewed. The data were analyzed by multiple logistic regression with Generalized Estimating Equation (GEE) to examine factors associated with accidents.
The prevalence of accidents in residential construction was 36.7%. The result showed that after adjusting for other factors the workers who worked as main jobs were 2.56 times more likely to get an accident than those who did not (Adj OR=2.56, 95% CI=1.25-5.22). The workers who had the same posture repeatedly over 1 hour were 2.35 times more likely to get an accident than those whose posture was repeatedly less than 1 hour (Adj OR=2.35, 95% CI=1.17-4.71). Workers who drank alcohol were 2.72 more likely to get an accident than those who did not times (Adj OR=2.72, 95% CI=1.47-5.02).
For accident prevention in the construction sites, it should have signs to identify risk areas clearly to reduce risk and danger. Besides, the accident prevention should provide training on safety in working and use personal protective equipment (PPE) for production planning, control and safety management.