The Effects of a Social Relationship Program on the Depression of Elderly

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จารุวรรณ ก้านศรี อุทัยวรรณ แก้วพิจิตร นภัทร เตี๋ยอนุกูล ปริทรรศน์ วันจันทร์

Abstract

At present, Thailand has entered the aging society. This quasi-experimental research using a two-group pretest-posttest design aimed to examine the effects of a social relationship program on the depression of the elderly. The subjects of this research were 60 elderly aged 60 and over. The subjects were randomly assigned to an experimental group (n = 30) and control group (n = 30). The experimental group participated in a social relationship program with eight sessions, 120 minutes per session for eight weeks, while the control group received regular care activities. The results were collected by the Thai Geriatric Depression Scale. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, dependent t-test, and independent t-test. The results of this study were 1) After participating in the social relationship program, the mean scores for the depression of the experimental group ( = 12.10, SD = 2.96) were significantly lower than the pretest scores ( = 20.23, SD = 7.19, t = 16.39, p < .001) 2) The mean difference scores for the depression of the experimental group between pre-test and post-test participating in a social relationship program (D1 = 8.13, SD = 2.07) were significantly higher than those of the control group (D2 = 0.20, SD = 1.04, t = 15.045, p < .001). Therefore, a social group program is effective in reducing depression of elderly.

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References

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