Relationship between Perception of Autistic Child Behavior Problems, Parental Self-efficacy, and Psychological Distress

Main Article Content

Uarjit Phoonphanich Somboon ๋Jarukasemthawee

Abstract

Objective: To study the relationship between perception of autistic child behavior problems, parental self-efficacy, and parental psychological distress


Materials and method: This was a cross-sectional descriptive research. Data were collected from 119 biological mothers and fathers who had autistic children aged between 3 – 12 years old (febuary-may 2017). They also identified themselves as the main caregivers. Correlation and Multiple Regression Analysis were conducted.


Results: Our findings showed that perception of autistic child behavior problems was significantly positively correlated with stress (r = .30), depression (r = .24), and anxiety (r = .28). Parental self-efficacy was significantly negatively correlated with stress (r = -.24) and depression (r = -.25). Perception of autistic child behavior problems and parental self-efficacy accounted for the total variance of stress (R2 = .12, p < .01) and depression (R2 = .10, p < .01). Perception of autistic child behavior problems significantly predicted anxiety (p < .01).


Conclusion: Perception of autistic child behavior problems and parental self-efficacy both effected stress and depression of the parents. However, only perception of autistic child behavior problems effected parents’ anxiety.


Keywords: Self-efficacy, Parents, Psychological distress, Autistic

Article Details

Section
Original article (นิพนธ์ต้นฉบับ)
Author Biography

Uarjit Phoonphanich, Chulalongkorn University

Facualty of Psychology