Territorial Sovereignty Inconsistent with the Anthropocene Period

Main Article Content

Thiti Waikavee

Abstract

Territorial sovereignty (TS) can trace back to the Peace of Westphalia 1648 and firmly recognizes as a core principle in international environmental law. In traditionally, the TS provides the sovereign right to nations/states in natural resource exploitation according to their own needs. However, it is argued that the absolute right freely authorizes nation/state to mistreat to their natural resources and even to ignore common responsibility to global environmental problems.


This research paper points out that the TS is limited when the situation comes to global or transboundary environmental problems.  It is out of date for a new geological epoch, “Anthropocene” meaning the epoch that human activities (including cultures and rules) have created significant impacts on the earth’s ecosystems. For international law, nation/state, which is recognized as a person in the international community, cannot deny that its activity causes the most severe impacts on the earth ecosystems.  Hence, the nation/state shall not take the opportunity under the limitation of the TS to deny a common responsibility for protecting the earth’s ecosystem. This paper suggests reconsidering the state trusteeship and an initial concept of transnational environmental law

Keywords

Article Details

How to Cite
Waikavee, T. (2019). Territorial Sovereignty Inconsistent with the Anthropocene Period. CMU Journal of Law and Social Sciences, 12(1), 1-21. Retrieved from https://www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/CMUJLSS/article/view/134101
Section
Academic Article

References

Bodansky Daniel. the Art and Craft of International Environmental Law. Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. 2010.
Bosselmann Klaus. Earth Governance: Trusteeship of the Global Commons. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing. 2015.

Christian Marxsen. “Territorial Integrity in International Law-Its Concept and Implications for Crimea.” ZaoRV, 75 (2015): 7-26.

Cohen J. Jean. Globalization and Sovereignty: Rethinking legality, legitimacy and Constitutionalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2012.

Craig, G. Donna, Robinson A. Nicholas, and Koh Kheng-Lian. Chapter 20. Vol. II, Capacity Building for Environmental Law in the Asian and Pacific Region: Approaches and Resources. Manila: Asian Development Bank. 2002.

Dunne, Tim, Kurki Milja, and Smith Steve. ทฤษฎีความสัมพันธ์ระหว่างประเทศสาขาวิชาและความแตกต่างหลากหลาย [International relations theories : discipline and diversity]. Translated by Jittipat Poonkham. 1 ed. Bangkok: Siam, 2017. (in Thai)

Ernst-Detlef Schulze. “Uncertainties of Global Biogeochemical Predictions.” In Global Biogeochemical cycles in the climate system, edited by Ernst-Detlef Schulze, Martin Heimann, Sandy Harrison, and David Schimel, et al., 3-14. Massachusetts: Academic Press, 2001.

Fisher D.E. Legal Reasoning in Environmental Law. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. 2013.

Gillespie Alexander, “Implementation and Compliance Concerns in International Law: The State of the Art within Three International Regimes,” NZJ Envtl.L,7 (2003): 53.

Jóhannsdóttir, Aðalheiður. “The significance of default: A study in environmental law methodology with emphasis on ecological sustainability and international biodiversity law.” PhD diss., Uppsala University, 2009.

Kanongnij Sribuaiam. “ความยุติธรรมสิ่งแวดล้อม” [Environmental Justice]. Bangkok: Institute of Public Policy Studies, Foundation for the Promotion of Public Policy Studies, 2017. (in Thai)

Kasperson J.X. and Kaspenson R.E. “Border Crossings.” In The Social Contours of Risk: Volume II, Risk Analysis, Corporation & the Globalization of Risk, edited by Kasperson J.X. and Kaspenson R.E, 217-248. London: Earthscan, 2005.

Kuokkanen Tuomas. International Law and the Environment: Variations on a Theme. Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer Law International. 2002.

Mason Michael. The New Accountability: Environmental Responsibility across Borders. London: Earthscan. 2005.

McCaffrey S.C. The Law of International Watercourses: Non-navigational Uses. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2001.

Miller David and Hashmi H. Sohail. Boundaries and Justice: Diverse Ethical Perspectives. New Jersey: Princeton University Press. 2001.

Oppenheim Lassa. International Law: A Treaties, 3th ed. Ronald F. Roxburgh. Clark, New Jersey: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. 2005.

Philpott D. Z. “Ideas and the Evolution of Sovereignty.” In State Sovereignty, edited by Sohail H. Hashmi, 18-19. Pennsylvania: the Pennsylvania State University Press, 1997.

Rechkemmer Andreas. Postmodern Global Governance. Baden: Nomos. 2004.

Robert V. Percival. “International responsibility and liability for environmental harm.” In Handbook of International Environmental Law Routledge, edited by Shawkat Alam, Jahid Hossain Bhuiyan, Tareq Chowdhury and Erika J. Techera, 681-695. London: Routledge. (2013).

Rockström Johan and Wijkman Anders. Bankrupting Nature: Denying Our Planetary Boundaries. Abingdon: Routledge. 2012.

Rockström, Johan, Will Steffen, Kevin Noone, et al. "Planetary Boundaries: Exploring the Safe Operating Space for Humanity," Ecological and Society, 14 (2009): 2.

Sand H. Peter. "Sovereignty Bounded: Public Trusteeship for Common Pool Resources," Global Environmental Politics 4:1 (2004): 47-71.

Taylor Pure. An Ecological Approach to International Law. Abingdon: Routledge. 1998.

Waikavee Thiti. “The Ecological Covenant Approach to International Biodiversity Regimes: Transformative Aspects of Global Governance for Sustainability.” PhD in Law diss., University of Auckland. 2015.

Walker Brian and David Salt. Resilience Thinking: Sustaining Ecosystems and People. In a Change World. Washington, D.C: Island Press. 2006.

William K. M., Thomas J. B., et al. “Defining and Unraveling Biocomplexity,” BioScinece, 51 Issue 12 (2001):1018-1023.
Zalasiewicz, Jan, Mark Williams, Will Steffen, Paul Crutzen, “The New World of the Anthropocene,” Environmental Science & Technology, 7, 44 (2010): 2228–2231.