The perceived stigma towards leprosy and tuberculosis of health personnel in Chaiyaphum Province

  • ศิลธรรม เสริมฤทธิรงค์ Raj Pracha Samasai Institute, Department of Disease Control
  • ศิรามาศ รอดจันทร์ Raj Pracha Samasai Institute, Department of Disease Control
  • โกเมศ อุนรัตน์ Raj Pracha Samasai Institute, Department of Disease Control
  • พจนา ธัญญกิตติกุล Raj Pracha Samasai Institute, Department of Disease Control
  • ชุติวัลย์ พลเดช Raj Pracha Samasai Institute, Department of Disease Control
Keywords: leprosy, tuberculosis, stigma

Abstract

This cross-sectional survey was conducted to study the perceived stigma towards leprosy and tuberculosis of health personnel. The study populations were 236 health personnel working at sub-district health promotion hospitals and district hospitals of 4 districts in Chaiyaphum Province. Sample size was selected by convenience sampling method. EMIC stigma scale was used to collect the data which was later analyzed using a software package. A frequency distribution was used to determine the percentage of health personnel who had perceived stigma and the percentage of each item. A paired t-test was used to compare the EMIC score of health personnel regarding leprosy and tuberculosis. Logistic regression analysis was used to find the association between personal factors and perceived stigma. It was found that there was no association between personal factors and perceived stigma. Health personnel had perceived stigma towards both leprosy and tuberculosis. They had more perceived stigma towards leprosy than tuberculosis in most aspects accept avoidance and causing troubles to others. The difference was highly significant (p=0.000, paired t-test). Even perceived stigma towards leprosy is higher than that towards tuberculosis, but the perceived stigma towards tuberculosis is also high. The authors suggest arranging a training or refreshing course for health personnel, providing knowledge regarding leprosy and tuberculosis to the community members, conducting further study investigating the effects of stigma on people affected by leprosy or tuberculosis, and conducting a survey to find the causes and measure stigma towards both diseases in leprosy and tuberculosis prevalent area and develop de-stigmatizing intervention if stigma is found.

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Published
2017-09-29
Section
Original Article