Factors influencing health-promoting behaviors among people at risk of hypertension in a rural community, Ubon Ratchathani Province
This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate health-promoting behaviors among people at risk of hypertension in a rural community. In total, 302 people at risk of hypertension aged over 35 years old were selected using stratified sampling method. Data were analyzed using Chi-square test and Stepwise-multiple regression analysis. Results indicated that 64.90% of participants had overall health promotion behaviors at moderate level. According to multiple regression model, the significant predicting variable (p<0.01) included perception of health benefits (Beta = .402), age (Beta = -.084), social support (Beta = .162), and perception of self-efficacy (Beta = -.088). These factors could predict 32% (adjusted R2 = 0.320) of health-promoting behaviors among those at risk of hypertension. These findings suggest that nurses and other health care providers should promote hypertension preventive behavior among people with prehypertension by focusing on perception of health benefits, social support, and perception of self-efficacy of self-care to prevent hypertension. This will enhance health-promoting behaviors among people at risk of hypertension in a rural community.
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