Effects of mind and body exercise five happiness program for lipid profile percent fat bone mineral density and blood pressure in elderly club
This study was an experimental research with a two-group, pre-post test design carried out to determine the potential effects of the five-happiness, mind-and-body exercise program on lipid profile, body fat percentage (BFP), body mass index (BMI), bone mineral density (BMD), and blood pressure in members of the elderly club. A total of 50 participants were randomly allocated to the sedentary control (n = 25), and exercise groups (n = 25). Exercise training programs were designed to yield the mild (20-39% Heart Rate Reserve) to moderate (40-50% Heart Rate Reserve) intensity, 3 times/ week for 8 weeks. Blood samples were collected and laboratory assessments were performed for lipid profile, body fat percentage (BFP), bone mineral density (BMD), and blood pressure pre-post program. Pre and post-intervention, intra-group data analysis was performed using paired t-test and inter-group data was analyzed using independent t-test. The results showed that lipid profile, body fat percentage (BFP), and blood pressure had decreased while body mineral density (BMD) had increased significantly among participants in the exercise group (p<0.05). However, there was no significant change from baseline for lipid profile, body fat percentage (BFP), body mass index (BMI), and blood pressure in the control group. It was found that there was a statistically significant decrease in lipid profile, body fat percentage (BFP), and blood pressure, while there was a statistically significant increase in bone mineral density (BMD) in the intervention group, when compared with the control group (p<0.05). We concluded the five-happiness, mind-and-body exercise program was effective in reducing lipid profile, body fat percentage (BFP), and blood pressure, while increasing bone mineral density (BMD), in members of the elderly club.
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