Effects of Exercise and Meditation Therapy among Homebound Elders with Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes in Wang Sawap Subdistrict, Khon Kaen Province

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Amornrat Kaewponpek

Abstract

The purpose of this quasi-experimental research was to (1) determine the personal characteristics, (2) compare the blood glucose levels before and after exercise and meditation therapy, and (3) study the effects of exercise with meditation therapy, amongst elderly homebound persons with non-insulin-dependent diabetes in the Wang Sawap subdistrict of Khon Kaen province. The sample group consisted of 30 elderly people who had were diabetic and not depend on insulin. Participants in the study had a blood glucose level of more than 130 mg/dl on 3 consecutive occasions for 8 weeks. The tools used in the research were: behavioral recording with reliability of 0.91; exercise training manual with meditation; and the eating evaluation form. The instruments used were blood glucose monitors, which were checked for quality every time, and activities of daily living assessment form developed by the department of health, ministry of public health. A practical guide to exercise therapy with SKT 3 developed by Somporn Kantaradhaya - Teriymchasri (2009). Department of Public Health Nursing Mahidol University Statistics used in data analysis were mean, standard deviation and t-test. Results: (1) Most of the study population were female (56.67 %) and all participates had never exercised, (2) After Join an activitythe participant's blood glucose level was 95 ( = 95,SD = 12.89) which was significantly lower than before participation at the 0.05 level of significance, (3)  After participating in the activity, the average BADL score was 15.17 (xˉ = 15.17, SD = 1.95). The result indicate that the participants able to perform a daily living with self-sufficient. (well elder)

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บทความวิจัย