พฤติกรรมการดูแลสุขภาพตนเองของผู้สูงอายุ

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ฐิตินันท์ นาคผู้ อาจินต์ สงทับ

Abstract

The article objective is to present the concepts of self-care behavior among the elderly.  According to the National Bureau of Statistics, the trend of elderly population has increased continuously.  The elderly population in 2017 is 16.7% of the total population which compared to 10 years ago, 2007 was just 10.7% of the total population. Referring to estimation from the United Nations Fund for Population Activities specify that Thai elderly population will reach 25% of the total population in 2030.   Moreover, the elderly have not only physiological or physiological changes but also psychological, emotional land social changes in the meantime. In addition, the elderly are divided into 3 groups: social groups, home and bed group. It is necessary to focus on the elderly to have appropriate health care behaviors in order to reduce the incidence of dependence especially home and bed group.  However, Self-care behaviors of the elderly are varied, including self-care behaviors, such as eat foods that are beneficial to health, drink enough water and etc. Secondly, self-care behaviors according to developmental stages that includes accepting change, making oneself respected and etc. Third, the essential self-care behaviors when there are condition problems which include the use of public health services, medical visits and etc.  In conclusion, to have proper self-care behaviors will significantly help the elderly to get healthy as well as better quality of life. It also reduces the tendency of dependence on the elderly and costs of the government about the budget of  long-term care system for elderly people with dependence.

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บทความวิชาการ