นวัตกรรมการบริโภคอาหารและการออกกำลังกาย เพื่อส่งเสริมสุขภาพของเด็กและเยาวชนในศูนย์ศึกษาพระพุทธศาสนาวันอาทิตย์วัดโพรงมะเดื่อ จังหวัดนครปฐม

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ภารณี นิลกรณ์

Abstract

This quasi-experimental research aimed to compare knowledge about overweight assessing health hazards and assessing coping intention to modify behavior and practices in food consumption and exercise to prevent overweight among experimental and comparison group before and after the experiment. The sample size was employed among the primary school students attending the Buddhist studies center at Prongmadua pagoda, Nakhon Pathom province which was divided into 2 groups: 32 experimental groups and 32 comparison groups. A questionnaire was an instrument for data collection which has passed the quality validation tool for content validity and analyzed for reliability was 0.803. The activities consisted of lectures, video presentations; media assembled using a sheet, group discussion, role play and create the practice by the participation of teachers, parents, religious leaders, and researchers. The statistics used for data analysis were frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation, which compared with the average of the statistics paired sample t-test and independent t-test. The results indicated that after the experiment, the experimental group had a mean score on knowledge about overweight. Moreover, the health hazards assessments, assessing coping, intention to protect themselves from overweight, behaviors in food consumption and exercise were significantly higher than before experiment and higher than those in comparison with statistical significance at (p <0.05). At the same time after the experiment, the comparison group had a mean score which was statistically different (p <0.05) except for knowledge about overweight. Additionally, the health hazards assessments, assessing coping, intention to protect themselves from overweight, behaviors in food consumption and exercise were no statistically significant differences (p <0.05).

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บทความวิจัย