Main Article Content
The objective of this research was aimed 1) to examine problems and obstacles in learning and the needs for student activities, method for setting up the independent study and 2) to compare learning outcomes between traditional learning and independent study of the undergraduate students in the ‘Institutions and Economic Systems’ course. The questionnaires were used as a research instrument, enquiring the respondent’s opinion about problems and obstacles in learning and the needs for student activities. The sample included the undergraduate students who had ever enrolled in the Institutions and Economic Systems’ subject, a total of 98 people during 2015 - 2016. The results are expected that it would be further developed according to the planned course goals. The quasi-experimental research was adopted. The students’ learning outcomes between traditional learning and independent study were compared. The samples were divided into two groups; each group of 15 subjects, who have never enrolled the Institutions and Economic Systems’ course. In data analysis, the statistics implemented included percentage, mean and standard deviation.
The results demonstrated the problems and obstacles and the need for student activities; excessive lecture hours (92 percent), and lack of practice in courses for sure of clearer concepts (89 percent), and a desire to widen the knowledge gained from lectures
(76 percent), the number of activities should be increased to gain more new knowledge
(69 percent), method for setting up the independent study to achieve the planned course goals and the required learning through lecture represented 22.5 hours, and the remaining of 22.5 hours for independent study, independents study outside the classroom included 40 hours. The learning outcomes of the students given the independent study represented an average of 2.78 (M = 2.78, SD = 0.45) at fair satisfaction level, higher than traditional learning outcomes; an average of 1.97 (M = 1.97, SD = 0.52), at less satisfaction level.
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