A Comparison Study of Supporting Factors for Learning Environment of Rural Students between Private University and Government University

Main Article Content

Chhun Seakkeav Toumo Rautakivi


The purposes of this study were 1) to study key factors supporting rural students’ learning
environment; and 2) to compare the factors supporting rural students’ learning environment
in private and government universities. The sample of 668 rural students (300 students from private
university and 368 students from government university) who are currently studying in undergraduate
level was selected from the total population of 5,777 rural students in both universities. The data
were selected through simple random sampling method from rural students in both universities.
A cross-sectional survey design was utilized and learning motivation theories were applied as
frameworks for this quantitative study. The study used descriptive statistics to measure the extent
to which various factors supporting students’ learning motivation.
The results of this study revealed that 1) the factors such as family support, peer support,
teacher support, school administration, and socio-economic status are important factors supporting
rural students’ learning environment in both private and government university; and 2) Between
private and government university, the key factors such as family support and teacher support are
at high level, peer support and socio-economic status support rural students’ learning environment

at moderate level and school administration factor differently support rural students’ learning
in private university (moderate level) and government university (high level).

Article Details



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