International Journal of Behavioral Science //www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJBS <p style="display: inline !important;"><strong>About the IJBS-</strong></p> <p>The Behavioral Science Research Institute (BSRI), Srinakharinwirot University, Bangkok, Thailand, has published the&nbsp;<strong>International Journal of Behavioral Science (IJBS)</strong>&nbsp;since 2006.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; 1. IJBS is an international journal that publishes original research papers, academic articles, and book reviews in the discipline of <strong>Behavioral Science </strong>(only in English language).<br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; 2. IJBS is an open access journal.<br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; 3. IJBS follows the double blind peer review for all the submissions to the journal.<br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; 4. IJBS publishes two issues per year: in the months of January and July of each year.<br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; 5. IJBS is indexed in national database (<strong>TCI, tier 1</strong>) and international database (ACI, EBSCO, ESCI) for journals.</p> <div><strong>Read more about the&nbsp;</strong><strong>I</strong><strong>JBS::</strong></div> <div>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; 1. [<a href="http://bsris.swu.ac.th/journal/i122/AimsScope.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Aim and Scope</a>]<strong>&nbsp;<br></strong>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; 2. [<a href="http://bsris.swu.ac.th/journal/i122/EditorialBoard.pdf">Editorial Board (2018-2019)</a>]<br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; 3. [<a href="http://bsris.swu.ac.th/journal/i122/Ethical.pdf">IJBS Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement</a><a href="http://bsris.swu.ac.th/journal/i122/InstAuthors.pdf">&nbsp;</a>]<strong><br></strong>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; 4. [<a href="http://bsris.swu.ac.th/journal/i121/3IJBSCallforPapersin2017.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Call for Papers</a>]<strong>&nbsp;<br></strong>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; 5. [<a href="http://bsris.swu.ac.th/journal/i122/InstAuthors.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Instructions to Authors</a>&nbsp;]<br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; 6. [<a href="http://bsris.swu.ac.th/journal/i121/2FormatSampleIJBS2017.pdf">Sample of Format Paper for IJBS</a>]<strong><br></strong></div> Behavioral Science Research Institute, Srinakharinwirot University en-US International Journal of Behavioral Science 1906-4675 Assessing Forgiveness in Interpersonal Conflict Among Thai Emerging Adults: Development and Psychometric Properties of the Peer Forgiveness Scale (PFS) //www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJBS/article/view/81647 <p>Forgiveness is one of the positive coping strategies with interpersonal conflict rebuilding the quality of peer relationships. The Peer Forgiveness Scale (PFS), measuring forgiveness after an interpersonal offense, was developed and evaluated its psychometric properties. Participants were 436 emerging adults in Thailand with ages between 18 – 25 years old. Confirmatory factory analysis indicated a four-factor structure with 20 items was the better fit model. Multigroup analysis supported measurement invariance across genders. The reliability of the PFS was found to be satisfactory and the strong evidence of construct validity were demonstrated. The psychometric properties of PFS support its feasibilities as a research scale to measure forgiveness in peer relationships and as a scale using for counseling session.</p> Itsara Boonyarit ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2017-07-27 2017-07-27 12 2 1 18 Item Generation and Content Validation of the Hajj Crowd Behavior (HBC) Scale //www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJBS/article/view/89102 Our main objective is the development and initial validation of a new scale to measure crowd behavior of individuals who performed <em>Hajj</em>, i.e., a holy, religious pilgrimage to Mecca that Muslims take during the Islamic month of <em>Dzul-Hijjah.</em> A scale that measures this construct is important because an understanding of the nature, domains, and roles of crowd behavior could facilitate the effective management and safety of <em>Hajj</em> pilgrims or <em>hujjaj</em>. Using the logical or rational approach, the scale development process was conducted in three phases. First, the construct of <em>Hajj</em> crowd behavior was identified and conceptualized via a literature review (Phase I). Next, an initial pool of 93 items covering three domains of crowd behavior (i.e., behavioral, affective, and cognitive) was generated from a series of semi-structured interviews with 23 <em>hujjaj </em>(Phase II). The content validity of these items was then ascertained by the agreement of subject matter experts (<em>n</em> = 15), who indicated whether an item is essential in measuring a particular domain of the <em>Hajj</em> crowd behavior construct. This expert review revealed that the majority of items were essential, relevant, and clear (i.e., Content Validity Ratio: CVR &gt; .49), which resulted in 52 items in the final item pool. This revised scale is now suitable to be used in the test try-out phase and has the potential to inform strategies and design of crowd management. Further work is needed to assess its reliability and validity as well as to reduce the number of the items. Shukran Abd Rahman Nor Diana Mohd. Mahudin Intan Hashimah Mohd. Hashim Zulkarnain Ahmad Hatta Noraida Abdul Ghani Zarina Mat Saad Jasni Sulong ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2017-07-27 2017-07-27 12 2 19 30 Designing Learner-centered Instruction Practices Based on Transformative Learning through Critical Participatory Action Research //www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJBS/article/view/94362 <span>The purpose of this critical participatory action research was to design the transformative learning activities from identifying “the shared felt concerns” of the student teachers. The participants include 13 student teachers, 6 pre-service student teachers, a lecturer, 2 mentors, and a technical expert; all voluntarily agreed to participate from a university located in the lower north of Thailand. The data was collected by various instruments (informal conversations, draft of plan, checklists, and field notes). The process of this study was to 1) establish “a public sphere”, 2) ask the critical questions with the communicative action, 3) identify “shared felt concerns”, and 4) design of the transformative learning activities. The results showed that there were 3 themes: first, fear of resistance towards teaching from students and a supervising teacher. Second, a lack of deep knowledge, experiences, and skills in the learner-centered approach, and third, student teachers were unconsciously passive learners. All themes led to design the activities for the 10 phases of the transformational process summarized as follows: starting with meditation, asking the critical questions, a metaphor for keeping a journal, round-robin discussion, group discussion, mind mapping, role play, building confidence and competence, and teaching in the actual classroom in the practicum experience. From these findings, it is recommended that establishing public sphere and communicative action through other activities or tools could support the participants’ self-reflection and learning.</span> Chanadda Poohongthong Numchai Supparerkchaisakul ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2017-07-27 2017-07-27 12 2 31 49 Psycho-social Antecedents of Research Potentiality among Graduate Students: A SEM Approach //www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJBS/article/view/94360 Research training and practice at graduate levels are intended to enhance scientific and systems thinking for future work and life.  In order to promote graduate success in research, antecedents of research potentiality were investigated. Data from 551 Thai graduate students in social sciences and education were analyzed through path analysis technique. Research potentiality was influenced by psychological state, which accounted for 87% of the variance. The most favorable factor in the psychological state was attitudes towards research, followed by scientific reasoning. Furthermore, psychological trait and situational factor directly affected psychological state, which accounted for 89% of the variance. The most important factor for psychological trait was consideration of future consequences, followed by academic habit. The strongest factor in the situational group was guidance and descriptive norm, followed by learning atmosphere. These findings shed light for researcher development in behavioral science and higher education. Duchduen Bhanthumnavin ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2017-07-27 2017-07-27 12 2 50 70 Developing University Citizenship Behavior’s measurement: Thai and U.S. Academic Contexts //www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJBS/article/view/80221 <p>The purpose of this research was to clarify the definition of University Citizenship Behavior (UCB), and to make UCB more applicable in practical use. Exploratory sequential mixed-methods design was selected for this study to describe behaviors typically associated with UCB, and to develop UCB’s measurement which can be used in both Thai and U.S. learning cultures. This study was comprised of two phases. The qualitative method was conducted in the first phase. The in-depth interview technique was used to survey experts to confirm that UCB could be reasonably developed from Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB). Then, the in-depth interview technique was undertaken with undergraduate students from both Thailand and the U.S. in order to elicit what shared behavioral indicators reflect UCB. All indicators were subsequently integrated as dimensions, definition, and items for UCB’s measurement. Phase two consisted of the development of UCB’s measurement. After this study’s UCB measurement was developed, the quantitative method was used to validate it.</p> Panupong U-thaiwat Numchai Supparerkchaisakul Kanu Priya Mohan Ken Fansler ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2017-07-27 2017-07-27 12 2 71 89 Diffusion and Adoption Behavior of Environmentally Friendly Innovation: Sharing from Chinese Society //www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJBS/article/view/78325 <p>Use of solar energy as one of environmentally friendly innovations has been adopted in rural Chinese society to save the environment and money. This study aims to explore the processes and drivers of, and the barriers to, rural people’s adoption of solar water heater (SWH), including to analyze and synthesize the diffusion and adoption of practical solar energy innovations. Based on the integration of diffusion of innovations theory, the theory of reasoned action, and the theory of acceptance model, the factors of SWH adoption were established. Binary logistics regression was used to analyze the factors influencing rural people’s decision to adopt SWH. The key drivers are social influence, physical need and innovation attributes, respectively. To achieve widespread effective innovations from policy level to rural communities, a two-step flow of diffusion from the government to salespersons and then to rural communities, especially earlier adopters, to motivate rural people’s behavioral intention to innovation adoption is strongly recommended. The practical implications for other agricultural rural communities are that the adoption processes and drivers to behavioral change need high collaboration and commitment by related ministries along with the private and academic sectors.</p> Sukanya Sereenonchai Peixi Xu Noppol Arunrat Xue Yu ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2017-07-27 2017-07-27 12 2 90 109 Causal Model of Work Behaviors in the Narcotics Control Board, Thailand //www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJBS/article/view/94364 <p>This mixed methods research aimed to compare the factors influencing work behavior of staff working at different offices of the Office of the Narcotics Control Board (ONCB) in Thailand, and to also understand the antecedents related to the efficient work behavior. In the quantitative stage data was collected using  5-scales with Cronbach’s alpha ranging from .69 to .96.  The 547 respondents were selected through proportional stratified random sampling. In the qualitative stage, in-depth interviews with 10 officers were employed. Data was analyzed by LISREL and content analysis. The results indicated that, 1) gender, family status and work place location significantly affected work behaviors (<em>p</em> &lt; .01); 2) the causal model of work behaviors was consistent with the empirical data; and 3) the psychological characteristics, work environment, organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior had positive correlation with, and could reliably predict work behaviors at 93 percent. The psychological characteristics had the highest influence on work behaviors (<em>β</em> =.47). The qualitative findings confirmed that the antecedents of efficient work behavior included personal factors and environmental factors. The suggestions to enhance the efficiency of work behaviors emphasized on an application of the psycho-social antecedents. The practical implication of the findings and some issues for future research are discussed. </p> Ungsinun Intarakamhang Wichuda Kijthorntham Narisara Peungposop ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2017-07-27 2017-07-27 12 2 107 121 Front Section //www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJBS/article/view/94533 <p>The International Journal of Behavioral Science (IJBS) compiles innovative research papers from the behavioral sciences with a focus on addressing issues of contemporary significance; bringing forth in this issue seven researches conducted in Thailand, Malaysia, China and the U.S.A. The current issue is an amalgamation of seven research papers from the disciplines of psychology, education, environmental studies, management and administration; each showcasing an innovative use of methodologies such as quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods. The first two papers showcase indigenous test development for two different but valuable psychosocial constructs. In the first research, the author develops and tests a scale for peer forgiveness constructed from the Thai context, however which could be applied in enhancing interpersonal relationships in other situations too. On the other hand the second research deals with the development of the Hajj crowd behavior scale; thereby skillfully applying psychology to the application of crowd management during religious activities. The third research documents a rather challenging use of critical participatory action research technique to enhance the learning of “student teachers” in Thailand. Addressing an important issue of promoting success of graduate students, the fourth research empirically tests a model of research potentiality using path analysis. Proceeding with research about student behavior, the fifth paper deals with an inventive attempt to develop a scale measuring University Citizenship Behavior through mixed methods,&nbsp;which could be applicable in university settings across the nations of Thailand and USA. The sixth paper focuses on the practical solar energy innovations in China; using a clever mix of theoretical backgrounds in psychology, and innovative behavior, this research could have significant implications for applying in other developing countries, all facing the problem of climate change. The last research documents an organizational case study for investigating work behaviors; the mixed methods provide insights about enhancing work behavior through an understanding of the interaction of the psychosocial and environmental factors at work. As the editors of the IJBS, we express gratitude to all concerned in making this issue possible, foremost to the authors who shared their academic work with the journal, and along with them the members of our editorial team at the Behavioral Science Research Institute (BSRI), and our editorial assistants for their valuable efforts. We hope that our readers will continue to benefit from these behavioral science researches, and be inspired to take on innovative and significant research efforts to address the numerous behavioral science concerns in our world.</p> Kanu Priya Mohan ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2017-07-28 2017-07-28 12 2