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This paper aims to account for how teachers can use questions effectively and how questions can be used to extend students’ interaction, as well as promote second language learning. It first presents the characteristics of second language classroom interaction and questions posed by teachers in language classrooms. After introducing the forms of questions and the distinction of the two categories of teacher questions, 'closed'/'open' or 'display/'referential' questions, the functions of questions are also explicated. Then how wait time alters classroom discourse is also discussed. Practically, this paper can assist not only second language teachers, but also educators to facilitate students’ second language development.
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