Pali Words in Abhidhammatthavibhāvinī Pancikā Atthayojanā Through Saddāvisesa Texts: An Analytical Study

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พระมหาโกมล โกมล แก้วดึง


This research aims at three objectives; 1) to survey the history of Abhidhammatthasangaha and Abhidhammatthavibhāvini Pañcikā Atthayojanā, 2) to analyze its Pali terms in Abhidhammatthavibhāvini Pañcikā Atthayojanā based on Saddavisesa texts. It was a documentary research.

The results revealed that Abhidhammatthasangaha was composed by the most venerable Anuruddha, a southern Indian Bikkhu, who moved to live at Mahameghavana temple, Anuradhapuri, Sri Lanka. This scripture was compared as a paragon of Pali literature until the present time. Abhidhammatthavibhāvini Pañcikā Atthayojanā was compiled Venerable Ñāṇakittithera of Lanna while he was living at Panasaram monastery on 2045 B.E. He was a master of Tilokaraja king and went to Sri Lanka in the reign of Parakramabahu VI and Bhuvanekabahu VI (1955-2014 B.E.). The significance of this Yojana text was that it contains 4 types; 1) Vākyānusambandha (sentence syntax), 2) analysis form of Samasa, Taddhita and Kitaka with word composition which contains of word building process by using stanza from various Saddavisesa texts such as Kaccayana etc. with 238 stanzas in first chapter. Among these stanzas, Vidhisutta appeared mostly counts 228 in total, 3) meaning of Upasagga and Nipata, 4) relation of Pali sentence. Because of his Pali and Sanskrit grammar knowledge and proficiency on Dhamma and Vinaya, Ñāṇakittithera was able to complete the profound Yojana text and applauded by various scholars in the past and even in recent time.


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