A Causal Relationship Model of Factors Effecting Depression : MIMIC Model. A Causal Relationship Model of Factors Effecting Depression : MIMIC Model.

Main Article Content

วิจิตร แผ่นทอง วรัญญภรณ์ ชาลีรักษ์ พูลพงศ์ สุขสว่าง



Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts. It interferes
with daily life, normal functioning. The purpose this the research aims to develop a
model of causal factors effecting depression and check the consistency of the model
with empirical data. Latent variables in the model include factor, risk factors, inducing
a protective factor and depression. The data were collected by using the evaluation of
Depression Factors and 9Q. The sample consisted of 350 client in Khonkaen Rajanagarindra
Psychiatric Hospital. Study during October–December, 2015. Aanalyzed using MIMIC model
and causal relationship model analysis involved the use of LISREL 8.80.
The result showed that the causal relationship model of factors that influence
depression was consistent with empirical data: Goodness of ft statistics were: Chi-Square
0.49, df = 2.00, p-value = 0.78, GFI = 1.00, AGFI = 1.00, CFI =1.00, SRMR = 0.00. The factors
in the model can together explain the variance of depression 62 percent. The include
factor, risk factor, protective factor, inducing factor and depression is the effect size was
0.56, 0.27, 0.26 and 0.04 respectively.
A causal relationship of factors affecting depression showed that the include factor
and risk factor influence depression and induction factors can reduce depression.


Article Details

Research Articles; บทความวิจัย


1. World Health Organization. Depression
and Other Common Mental Disorders:
Global Health Estimates. World Health
Organization, 2015.
2. Chisholm, D., et al. Scaling-up Treatment
of Depression and Anxiety: A Global
Return on Investment Analysis. The
Lancet Psychiatry, 2016; 3(5): 415-424.
3. Kongsuk, T., et al. Provincial Guidelines
for Surveillance of Depression Disorders.
Ubon Ratchathani: Siritham Offset,
2014. (in Thai)
4. Kittirattanapaiboon, P., et al. Thai
National Mental Health Survey. Presented
at 14th Annual International Mental
Health Conference. Bangkok: Miracle
Grand Hotel, 2013.
5. Sriruenthong, W., Kongsuk, T., Pengchuntr,
W., Kittirattanapaiboon, P., Kenbubpha,
K., YingYeun, R., et al. The Suicide in
Thai Population: A National Survey. J
Psychiatry Assoc Thailand, 2011; 56(4):
6. Beck, A., T. and Brad, A., A. Depression:
Causes and Treatment. Pennsylvania:
University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009.
7. Cairns, K., E., et al. Risk and Protective
Factors for Depression that Adolescents
can Modify: A Systematic Review and
Meta-analysis of Longitudinal Studies.
Journal of Affective Disorders, 2014:
8. Nutt, D., J. Relationship of
Neurotransmitters to the Symptoms
of Major Depressive Disorder. The
Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 2008;
69(Suppl E1): 4-7.
9. Osgood, C., R. Clearing the Air: Identifying
Risk Factors of L-Methylfolate Defciency
for L-Methylfolate. Deplin Intervention,
10. Breton, J. J., et al. Protective Factors
against Depression and Suicidal Behavior
in Adolescence. Canadian Journal
of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de
Psychiatrie, 2015; 60(2 Suppl 1).
11. Yaiyok, O. and Luebutthawatchai, P.
Depression and Melancholy from the
Loss of the Elderly in the Elderly Club,
Nonthaburi Province. Journal of the
Psychiatric Association of Thailand,
2011; 56(2): 117-128. (in Thai)
12. Cicek, O. and Ilhan, N. Evaluating
Interest in Acids–bases: Development
of an Acid–base Interest Scale (ABIS)
and Assessment of Pre-service Science
Teachers’ Interest. Chemistry Education
Research and Practice, 2017: 630-640.
13. Beck, A., T. Cognitive Theory and the
Emotional Disorders, 1976.
14. Joreskog, K., G. and Dag, S. LISREL
7 User’s Reference Guide. Mooresville,
IN: Scientifc Software, 1989.
15. Suksawang, P. Principles of Structural
Equation Model Analysis. Journal of
Narathiwat Rajanagarindra University,
2014; 6(2): 136–145. (in Thai).