The Prevalence and Associated Factors of Burnout Syndrome among Residents in Training at Faculty of Medicine, Songklanagarind Hospital
Objective : This study aims to assess the prevalence and associated factors of burnout
syndrome among residents, who work at Faculty of Medicine, Songklanagarind Hospital.
Method : This was a cross-sectional designed study, which was conducted in order to
survey all residents, who worked and trained at the Faculty of Medicine, Songklanagarind
Hospital from; January to April 2018. The questionnaire comprised of 3 parts: 1) demographic
data 2) the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) Thai version questionnaire 3) patient health
questionnaire-9 Thai version (PHQ-9) for evaluating depression. The data were analyzed in
order to describe the behavior of the sample by descriptive statistics. The factors associated
with burnout syndrome were analyzed by using chi-square test and logistic regression.
Results : The total number of participants were 244 residents, 55.7% of them were females.
And 24.6% of them had depression. The mean age of participants was; 27.2%±2.2 years
old, with the mean, working hours per day being; 10.3±2.3. The total prevalence of burnout
syndrome among residents was 100%, with the highest score found to be within the emotional
exhaustion section (the mean score was 25.3±12.6). Amount of working hours, per day, were
related to emotional exhaustion, whereas the type of specialty, as well as perception of having
stress from work, were associated with depersonalization. The sample size was not adequate
for the personal accomplishment section analysis.
Conclusions : All residents, who work within either major, or minor specialties suffered from
burnout syndrome. The factors associated with burnout syndrome are; work hours per day,
type of specialty, the perception of having stress from work.