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The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to examine the effects of exercise program on depression and cortisol hormone in female adolescents with depressive symptoms. Sixty-six high school students who met the inclusion criteria were recruited and were randomly assigned into the experimental group and the control group, n=33 for each group. The experimental group received an aerobic exercise program for 5 sessions for eight week period. Each session took about 50 minutes. The control group received only routine care. The Children’s Depression Inventory questionnaire and urinary cortisol level measurement were used to collect data at pre-posttest and one month follow-up. Descriptive statistics, independent t-test, two way repeated measure ANOVA and pairwise comparison test using Bonferroni method were employed for data analyses. The results demonstrated that the mean scores of depression and cortisol hormone between the experimental group and control group at post-test and 1 month follow-up were significantly different (p < .05). In the experimental group, the mean scores of depression and cortisol hormone at pre-test, post-test, and one-month follow-up were significantly different. For pairwise comparison between post-test and one month follow-up, cortisol hormone showed significantly decrease whereas no significant different for the mean scores of depression. From the study results, it showed that this exercise program could reduce depression in high school female adolescents with depressive symptoms. Nurses and related health personnel could apply this program in order to reduce depression in other groups of female adolescents with depressive symptoms.
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บทความหรือข้อคิดเห็นใดใดที่ปรากฏในวารสารพยาบาลทหารบกเป็นวรรณกรรมของผู้เขียน ซึ่งบรรณาธิการหรือสมาคมพยาบาลทหารบก ไม่จำเป็นต้องเห็นด้วย
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of the editor or Royal Thai Army Nurses Association.
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