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The purpose of this study were to determine the factors that predictors of parents caring behavior for exacerbation in school-age children with allergic rhinitis. This study sample included 213 parents of school-age children with allergic rhinitis. From using of multi-stage random sampling. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistic pearson’s product moment correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression. The major finding were as follows: 1) Parents caring behavior for exacerbation prevention in school-age children with allergic rhinitis was at appropriate high level ( = 150.87, S.D. = 3.21) 2) Perceived self-efficacy, Perceived benefit, emotional support, appraisal support, instrumental support, income and information support were positively significantly correlated with parents caring behavior for exacerbation prevention in school-age children with allergic rhinitis. (r= .497, .403, .306, .279, .263, .237 and .227, p < .01 at respectively) and perceived barrier were negatively significantly correlated with parents caring behavior for exacerbation prevention in school-age children with allergic rhinitis. (r = -.361, p < .01) and 3) Perceived self-efficacy (β = .351), perceived benefit (β = .311), income (β = .150) and perceived barrier (β = -.133) were significant predictors and together account for 36.7 percent of the parents caring behavior for exacerbation prevention in school-age children with allergic rhinitis (R2 = .367, p < .05)
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