Transnational Marriage and Migration: Conceptual frameworks and the state of knowledge

  • พัชรินทร์ ลาภานันท์ Department of Sociology and Anthropology, and Center for Research on Plurality in the Mekong Region (CERP), Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Khon Kaen University
Keywords: transnational marriage, transnational migration, gender, agency, masculinity, care labor, citizenship

Abstract

The article reviews literature on transnational marriage, migration, and  transnational intimacy, particularly those on Thai society since the 2000’s, with comparative discussion with other Asian countries. The review shows that key analytical frameworks has shifted from assimilation to international migration which focuses on the adaptation of migrants in host countries. Transnationalism then offers insights on ties between migrants and families, and transformation in their home countries. More recently are studies that conceptualize these marital relationships in relation to citizenship, especially on legal citizenship in the host countries. These diverse frameworks have situated transnational marriage and migration in broader social contexts, and illustrated both strengths and limits of the current state of knowledge. In particular, this review addresses the need for further research in key understudied issues including masculinity, transnational care labor and citizenship.

References

เอกสารภาษาไทย
ทิพย์สุดา ปรีดาพันธุ์. 2560. “ความมั่นคงของผู้หญิงที่สมรสข้ามวัฒนธรรมในประเทศไทย.” วิทยานิพนธ์ปริญญาดุษฎีบัณฑิต (สังคมศาสตร์), มหาวิทยาลัยขอนแก่น.
บุศรินทร์ เลิศชวลิตสกุล. 2560. การอพยพย้ายถิ่นของคนไทยในเนเธอร์แลนด์: จากการแต่งงานข้ามชาติที่ยืดหยุ่นสู่ระบอบ “สัญชาติเชิงวัฒนธรรม.” (รายงานการวิจัย). กรุงเทพฯ:
ศูนย์ยุโรปศึกษา จุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย. เอกสารอยู่ระหว่างจัดทำ.
พัชรินทร์ ลาภานันท์. 2549. “พลวัตและแนวทางการวิจัย: การศึกษาการแต่งงานข้ามวัฒนธรรมของผู้หญิงในสังคมอีสาน.” วารสารสังคมลุ่มน้ำโขง 2(3): 1-36.
พัชรินทร์ ลาภานันท์. 2558. “‘เมียฝรั่ง’: การก่อตัวของ ‘ชนชั้น’ ใหม่ในสังคมไทย.” ใน วัฒนธรรมคืออำนาจ ปฏิบัติการแห่งอำนาจ ตัวตน และชนชั้นใหม่ในพื้นที่วัฒนธรรม, บรรณาธิการโดย ชูศักดิ์ วิทยาภัค, 271-299. เชียงใหม่: ศูนย์ศึกษาชาติพันธุ์และการพัฒนา และศูนย์ภูมิภาคด้านสังคมศาสตร์และการพัฒนา มหาวิทยาลัยเชียงใหม่.
พัชรินทร์ ลาภานันท์. 2560. “ปรากฏการณ์ ‘ภรรยาฝรั่ง’ เมื่อความเป็นชายของ ‘ผู้ชายอีสาน’ ถูกท้าทาย.” มติชน, 22 พฤศจิกายน 2560, 13.
พัชรินทร์ ลาภานันท์, ดารารัตน์ เมตตาริกานนท์, และ เยาวลักษณ์ อภิชาตวัลลภ. 2550. การแต่งงานข้ามวัฒนธรรม: การศึกษาสถานภาพองค์ความรู้. ขอนแก่น: ศูนย์พหุลักษณ์วิจัยลุ่มน้ำโขง มหาวิทยาลัยขอนแก่น.
พัทยา เรือนแก้ว, บ.ก. 2557. หญิงไทยและชุมชนไทย วันนี้ในเยอรมนี. บีเลเฟลด์: เครือข่ายคนไทยในต่างแดน ประเทศเยอรมนี.
ศรีหทัย เวลล์ส. 2559. “ตัวตนและพื้นที่ทางสังคมของ “ภรรยาฝรั่ง” ในบริบทวิถีครอบครัวต่างวัฒนธรรม.” วิทยานิพนธ์ปริญญาดุษฎีบัณฑิต (ไทยศึกษา), มหาวิทยาลัยบูรพา.

เอกสารภาษาอังกฤษ
Andaya, Barbara Watson. 1998. “From Temporary Wife to Prostitute: Sexuality and economic change in early modern Southeast Asia.” Journal of Women’s History 9(4): 11-34.
Bélanger, Daniéle, Hye-Kyung Lee, and Hong-Zen Wang. 2010. “Ethnic Diversity and Statistics in East Asia: ‘Foreign brides’ survey in Taiwan and South Korea.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 33(6): 1108-1130.
Bélanger, Danièle, Tran Giang Linh, Le Bach Duong, and Khuat Thu Hong. 2010. “From Farmer’s Daughters to Foreign Wives: Marriage migration and gender in sending communities of Vietnam.” In Asian Gender under Construction: Global reconfiguration of human reproduction, edited by Emiko Ochiai, 157-180. Kyoto: International Research Center for Japanese Studies.
Bourdieu, Pierre. 1984. Distinction: A social critique of the judgment of taste. Translated by Richard Nice. London: Routledge.
Brennan, Denise. 2004. What’s Love Got to Do with It?: Transnational desires and sex tourism in the Dominican Republic. Durham and London: Duke University Press.
Cabezas, Amalia L. 2009. Economics of Desire: Sex and tourism in Cuba and the Dominican Republic. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Castles, Stephen, and Mark J. Miller. 1993. The Age of Migration: International population movements in the modern world. London: Macmillan.
Charoensri, Chantanee. 2011. “Thai Daughters, English Wives: A critical ethnography of transnational lives.” PhD diss. (Sociology), University of Essex.
Cheng, Sealing. 2010. On the Move for Love: Migrant entertainers and the U.S. military in South Korea. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Cohen, Erik. 2003. “Transnational Marriage in Thailand: The dynamics of extreme heterogamy.” In Sex and Tourism: Journeys of romance, love, and lust, edited by Thomas G. Bauer and Bob McKercher, 57-82. New York: The Haworth Hospitality Press.
Connell, Raewyn W. 1995. Masculinities. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Constable, Nicole. 1997. Maid to Order in Hong Kong: Stories of migrant workers. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Constable, Nicole, ed. 2005. Cross-Border Marriages: Gender and mobility in transnational Asia. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Dahles, Heidi. 2009. “Romance and Sex Tourism.” In Tourism in Southeast Asia: Challenges and new directions, edited by Michael Hitchcock, Victor T. King, and Michael Parnwell, 222-235. Copenhagen: NIAS Press.
de Hart, Betty. 2015. “Regulating Mixed Marriages through Acquisition and Loss of Citizenship.” The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 662(1): 170-187.
Enloe, Cynthia. 2000. Bananas, Beaches and Bases: Making feminist sense of international palities. updated edition. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Faier, Lieba. 2007. “Filipina Migrants in Rural Japan and Their Professions of Love.” American Ethnologist 34(1): 148-162.
Ferguson, Kathy E., and Monique Mironesco, eds. 2008. Gender and Globalization in Asia and the Pacific. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
FitzGerald Murphy, Maggie. 2014. “Global Care Chains, Commodity Chains, and the Valuation of Care: A theoretical discussion.” American International Journal of Social Science 3(5): 191-199.
Fresnoza-Flot, Asuncion, and Gwénola Ricordeau. 2017. “Introduction.” In International Marriages and Marital Citizenship: Southeast Asia women on the move, edited by Asuncion Fresnoza-Flot and Gwénola Ricordeau, 1-22. Abingdon and New York: Routledge.
Garrick, Damien. 2005. “Excuses, Excuses: Rationalisations of western sex tourists in Thailand.” Current Issues in Tourism 8(6): 497-509.
Gozdziak, Elzbieta M., and Elizabeth A. Collett. 2005. “Research on Human Trafficking in North America: A review of literature.” In Data and Research on Human Trafficking: A global survey, edited by Frank Laczko and Elzbieta Gozdziak, 99-128. Geneva: International Organization for Migration.
Ishii, Sari K., ed. 2016. Marriage Migration in Asia: Emerging minorities at the frontiers of nation-state. Singapore: National University of Singapore Press.
Laczko, Frank, and Elzbieta Gozdziak, eds. 2005. Data and Research on Human Trafficking: A global survey. Geneva: International Organization for Migration.
Lapanun, Patcharin. 2012. “It’s Not Just About Money: Transnational marriages of Isan women.” Journal of Mekong Societies 8(3): 1-28.
Lapanun, Patcharin. 2013. “Logics of Desire and Transnational Marriages in a Northeast Thai Village.” PhD diss. (Sociology and Anthropology), Vrije University Amsterdam.
Lapanun, Patcharin. 2017. “Transnational Marriages, Thai Men and Masculine Anxiety.” Paper presented at the 13th International Conference on Thai Studies, Chiang Mai, Thailand, July 15-18.
Lapanun, Patcharin. 2018. “Masculinity, Marriage and Migration: Farang migrant men in Thailand.” Asian Journal of Social Science 48(1): 111-113.
Lauser, Andrea. 2008. “Philippine Women on the Move: Marriage across border.” International Migration 46(4): 85-110.
Maher, Kristen Hill, and Megan Lafferty. 2014. “White Migrants Masculinities in Thailand and the Paradoxes of Western Privilege.” Social & Cultural Geography 15(4): 427-448.
Manderson, Lenore, and Margaret Jolly. 1997. “Sites of Desire/Economies of Pleasure in Asia and the Pacific.” In Sites of Desire, Economies of Pleasure: Sexualities in Asia and the Pacific, edited by Lenore Manderson and Margaret Jolly, 1-26. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.
McKay, Deirdre. 2003. “Filipinas in Canada — De-skilling as a Push toward Marriage.” In Wife or Worker? Asian Women and Migration, edited by Nicola Piper and Mina Roces, 23-51. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
O’Connell Davidson, Julia. 1995. “British Sex Tourist in Thailand.” In (Hetero)sexual Politics, edited by Mary Maynard and June Purvis, 42-65. Bristol: Taylor & Francis.
Palriwala, Rajni, and Patricia Uberoi. 2008. “Exploring the Links: Gender issues in marriage migration.” In Marriage, Migration and Gender, edited by Rajni Palriwala and Patricia Uberoi, 23-60. Los Angeles: SAGE.
Pananakhonsab, Wilasinee. 2016. Love and Intimacy in Online Cross-Cultural Relationships: The power of imagination. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Parreñas, Rhacel S. 2001. Servants of Globalization: Women migration and domestic work. Standford: Stanford University Press.
Piper, Nicola, and Mina Roces, eds. 2003. Wife or Worker?: Asian women and migration. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Reunkaew, Pataya. 2002. “The Transnational Prostitution of Thai Women to Germany: A variety of transnational labour migration?” In Transnational Prostitution: Changing patterns in global context, edited by Susanne Thorbek and Bandana Pattanaik, 69-85. London and New York: Zed Books.
Rigg, Jonathan. 2007. “Moving Lives: Migration and livelihoods in the Lao PDR.” Population, Space and Place 13(3): 163-178.
Sassen, Saskia. 2000. “Women’s Burden: Counter-geographies of globalization and the feminization of survival.” Journal of International Affairs 53(2): 503-524.
Stoler, Ann. 1992. “Sexual Affronts and Racial Frontiers: European identities and the cultural politics of exclusion in colonial Southeast Asia.” Comparative Study of Society and History 34(3): 514-551.
Suksomboon, Panitee. 2007. “Remittances and ‘social remittances’: Their impact on cross-cultural marriage and social transformation.” IIAS Newsletters 45: 6.
Suksomboon, Panitee. 2009. “Thai Migrant Women in the Netherlands: Cross-cultural marriages and families.” PhD diss. (Sociology), Leiden University.
Sununta, Sirijit. 2009. “Global Wife, Local Daughter: Gender, family, and nation in transnational marriages in Northeast Thailand.” PhD diss. (Women and Gender studies), University of British Columbia.
Sununta, Sirijit. 2014. “Thailand and the Global Intimate: Transnational marriage, health tourism and retirement migration.” MMG Working Paper 14-02. Max Planck Institute for the Religious and Ethnic Diversity.
Smutkupt, Suriya, and Pattana Kitiarsa. 2007. “The Business of Marrying the Orient and Its Vicissitudes: Farang husbands and Isan wives on the global cultural stage.” Paper presented at Southeast Asia Center 20th Anniversary Celebration Conference on Religious, Ethnicity and Modernity: Identity and Social Practice in Asia, Seattle, October 5-6.
Thompson, Eric C., Pattana Kitiarsa, and Suriya Smutkupt. 2016. “From Sex Tourist to Son-in-Law: Emergent masculinities and transient subjectivities of farang men in Thailand.” Current Anthropology 57(1): 53-71.
Tosakul, Ratana. 2010. “Cross-Border Marriages: Experiences of village women from Northeastern Thailand with Western men.” In Asian Cross-Border Marriage Migration: Demographic patterns and social issues, edited by Wen-Shan Yang and Melody Chia-Wen Lu, 179-199. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
Toyota, Mika, Brenda S. A. Yeoh, and Liem Nguyen. 2007. “Editorial Introduction: Bringing the ‘Left behind’ Back into View in Asia: A framework for understanding the ‘migration-left behind nexus’.” Population, Space and Place 13(3): 157-161.
Toyota, Mika. 2008. “Editorial Introduction: International Marriage, Rights, and the State in East and Southeast Asia.” Citizenship Studies 12(1): 1-17.
Truong, Thanh-Dam. 1996. “Gender International Marriage and Social Reproduction: Implication for theory, policy, research and networking.” Asian and Pacific Migration Journal 5(1): 27-52.
Wang, Hong-Zen, and Shu-Mimg Chang. 2002. “The Commodification of International Marriages: Cross-border marriage business in Taiwan and Viet Nam.” International Migration 40(6): 93-116.
Yang, Wen-Shan, and Melody Chia-Wen Lu, eds. 2010. Asian Cross-Border Marriage Migration: Demographic patterns and social issues. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
Yeates, Nicola. 2005. “Global Care Chains: A critical introduction.” Global Migration Perspectives No. 44. Geneva: Global Commission on International Migration.
Published
2018-08-20