THE EFFECTS OF I-SAN FOLK MUSIC LISTENING COMBINED WITH IMAGERY OR SELF-TALK TRAINING ON EXERCISE ABILITY
Current studies of the unique characteristics of folk music and psychological skill training on exercise
performance are still minimal. The main purposes of this study were to study and compare the effect of I-san
folk music listening with psychological skill training on exercise ability. The main subjects used in this research were 32 male students that randomly assigned to four groups, experimental group 1 (exercise program and listening to I-san folk music with imagery training), experimental group 2 (exercise program and listening to Isan folk music with self-talk training), experimental group 3 (exercise program and listening to I-san folk music), and control group (exercise program only). The subject was treated three times per week in total eight weeks. Data were then statistically analyzed mean, standard deviation, one-way analysis of variance among groups, t-test, one-way analysis of variance between groups and multiple comparison testing at the 0.05 level of significance. The results indicated that the difference of mean of the resting heart rate after 4th and 8th weeks of the training session between the experimental group 3 and the control group were found. The difference of mean duration of cycling between the experimental group 1-2, and the experimental group 2-3 were observed at 4th and 8th weeks. While, the experimental group 2 and the control group were found at 8th weeks. Therefore, the listening to I-san folk music has a positive effect on enhancing exercise ability especially integrated with self-talk training which represented the crucial evidence of the physiological adaptation. The mixed research studies, including both of qualitative and quantitative, may help to understand the scope of the uniqueness of folk music, and the psychological skill training will enhance the exercise ability. Future studies may more focus on this issue.
(Journal of Sports Science and Technology 2019; 19(1): 105-119)
(Received: 3 October 2018, Revised: 14 February 2019, Accepted: 20 February 2019)
Key words: Mixed Method / I-san Folk Music Listening / Imagery / Self-talk / Exercise Ability
*Corressponding author: Poosanapas SOMNIL
Sports Science Program, Faculty of Science,
Udon Thani Rajabhat University, Udon Thani, Thailand, 41000.