A DEVELOPMENT OF PHYSICAL FITNESS NORMS IN THAI UNIVERSITY ATHELETES
The purpose of this study was to investigate and develop the physical fitness norms of Thai university athletes. A total of 4,327 Thai varsity athletes (2,751 males and 1,576 females), aged 18-28 yrs, were recruited from 9 different sport groups to take part in this study: group 1, football ,futsal, basketball, rugby football, hockey and handball; group 2, volleyball, sepak takraw, beach volleyball and softball; group 3, tennis, table tennis,badminton and dance; group 4, boxing, judo, taekwondo, karate, amateur muay Thai, fencing and Thai fencing;group 5, petanque, broad, bridge and crossword; group 6, throwing, javelin, hammer and weight lifting; group7, short distance swimming and rowing; group 8, sprinting and jumping, and group 9, middle and long distance
swimming and running. Results: The 40-m sprint times were recorded in group 8, in both male and femaleathletes. Agility testing showed that the quickest shuttle run times were recorded in group 3 in males, and group 1 in females. The quickest three-point shuttle run times were found in group 1 in both genders. The quickest nine square 20-second stepping test was found that in group 3 in both males and females. The agility sprint test was completed in the quickest time in group 1 in males and group 3 in female athletes. Muscle power test were highest in group 8 in both male and female athletes. However, the upper body power test found that in greatest in group 1 and group 6 for female and males, respectively. Muscle endurance showed that was greatest in group 7 in males and group 8 in female athletes. The Wingate test shown that mean and anaerobic capacity was highest in group 8 in both male and females. The RAST found that anaerobic performance was greatest in group 1 in both genders. The cycle ergometer test found that the highest maximum oxygen consumption values were recorded in group 8 in both males and females, thus multi-stage fitness test fonnd that the highest stage levels were attained in group 9 in both genders.Discussion:Increase sample size from
2,023 to 4,327 cases for improve reliability and standard of physical fitness thai university athletes norms, thus from this study coach may be used as a standard criterion for training program prescription to improve physical performance. Additionally, the results may be used to aid the effective selection of athletes for University level competition.
(Journal of Sports Science and Technology 2019; 19(1): 69-90)
(Received: 15 January 2019, Revised: 10 March 2019, Accepted: 12 March 2019)
Keywords: Physical fitness/ Norms/Thai university athletes/ Development
*Corresponding author: , Arom TREERAJ
College of Sports Science and Technology, Mahidol University,
Salaya campus, Phuttamonton, Nakhonpathom, Thailand, 73170
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