Main Article Content
There are more and more complex health and public health problems these days. Health problems are addressed and focused on prevention and promotion. Traditional and alternative medicine are used to serve the alternative medicine policy of the Ministry of Public Health. Buddhist alternative medicine principles were introduced to relief health problems and concerns for community members. Village had held a community health camp for 1–7 days by utilizing nine techniques of the Buddhist alternative medicine principles to campers or community members who participated in health camp. The nine techniques were (1) Having various herbs with your meals or herbal drinking, (2) Skin scraping or Guasa, (3) Intestinal detoxification, (4) Hand & foot immersion in warm herbal liquid, (5) Herbal plastering, (6) Exercise or yoga, (7) Balance diet, (8) Relaxation of thought by Buddhism principles, and (9) Self-supervision or maintaining a balanced life. The objective of this study was to evaluate the sustainability of the alternative medicine in relation to those nine techniques. This study was cross sectional by distributed questionnaires that asked the campers their perceptions and opinions on how they would evaluate in terms of sustainability when applied those techniques toward their health. Questionnaires asked all campers who participated if they used/applied those nine techniques or had never used/applied the nine techniques. The authors used t-test to analyze the collected data. The authors found there were five techniques had statistics significantly different (p-value < 0.05) on sustainability of the program regarding the nine techniques which were; technique 2 – Guasa, technique 3 – Detoxification, technique 4 – Hand & foot immersion in warm herbal liquid, technique 6 – Exercise or yoga, technique 7 – Balance diet. The five techniques were significant maybe because the campers learned and obtained comprehensive knowledge on those techniques and practiced them every day. The campers also received the training and knowledge about meditation, basic self-health care. They believed on the ability of self- supervision and they could become more aware and active on their own health.
2. Thaneerat T. What is alternative medicine?. Journal of Thai Traditional & Alternative Medicine. 2008;1:7-8. (in Thai)
3. Tonghong A, Tepsitta K, Chongpiriya-anan P. Report on Chronic Non communicable Disease Surveillance 2012, Surveillance Division, Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health. 2012. Available from http://www.boe.moph.go.th/files/report/20140109_40197220.pdf (in Thai).
4. Statistic group for monitoring and evaluation public policy one, Bureau of Public Statistic, National Statistical Office, Ministry of Information Technology and Communication. Survey of self-care behaviors with Thai traditional medicine and herbs among households 2013. Bangkok: Statistical Forecast Bureau; 2014. (in Thai).
5. Klajon J. Let’s Be Your Own Doctor. Tood Ra hat Sookaparb (Health Encoding) vol 3. Bangkok: Sood Fang Fun Publisher; 2013; 9 (in Thai).
6. Klajon J. Mor Keaw. Journal of Buddhist Medicine. 2014; 2 (4); 1-56. (in Thai).
7. Stufflebeam DL, Shinkfield AJ. Evaluation Theory, Models, and Applications. San Francisco: Jossey Bass; 2007.
8. Jaroon P. Project Evaluation Technique. 2nd Ed. Bangkok: House of Commerce; 2014. 512 p. (in Thai).
9. Cochran WG. Sampling Techniques. New York: John Willey & Sons; 1997.
10. Hasan SS, Ahmed SI, Bukhari NI, Loon WC. Use of complementary and alternative medicine among patients with chronic disease at out patient clinics. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice. 2009;15(3):152-7.
11. Syed IA, Sulaiman SAS, Hassali MA, Thiruchelvam K, Hasan SS, Lee CKC. Beliefs and practices of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among HIV/AIDS patients: aqualitative exploration. European Journal of Integrative Medicine. 2016;8(1):41-7.
12. Bahall M, Legall G. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices among health care providers regarding complementary and alternative medicine in Trinidad and Tobago. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2017;17(1):144
13. Aveni E, Bauer B, Ramelet AS, Decosterd I, Ballabeni P, Bonvin E, Rodondi PY. Healthcare professionals’ sources of knowledge of complementary medicine in an academic center. PLOSONE 2017;12(9):e0184979. Available from https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0184979
14. Paine-Andrews A, Fisher JL, Campuzano MK, Fawcette SB, Patton JB. Promoting sustainability of community health initiatives: An empirical case study. Health Promotion Practice. 2000;1(3):248-58.
15. Cummings TG, Worley CG. Organization Development and Change. 8th ed. Thomson south-western; 2005.
16. Policy Department, Economic and Scientific Policy, Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI) Committee. Complementary and Alternative Therapies for Patients Today and Tomorrow. European Parliament Proceedings; 2017.
17. Peltzer K, Pengpid S, Puckpinyo A, Yi S, Anh LV. The utilization of traditional, complementary and alternative medicine for non-communicable diseases and mental disorders in health care patients in Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2016;16:92
18. Sookchan K. Psychosocial and sociological factors related to Thai traditional medical service behavior of personnels working in public hospitals in the Ministry of Public Health Region 4 (thesis). Applied Behavioral Science Research, Graduate School, Bangkok: Srinakarinwirot University; 2013. (in Thai)