Main Article Content
Situational analysis studies suggested that previous researches have been confined to only some research types and national policy to promote prioritized herbal research topics has been unclear. This study aimed (1) to classify the types of Thai herbal medicine research and (2) to propose policy recommendations. This study applied quantitatively categerized Thai and international research articles identified from a systematic search performed in standard databases (ThaiLIS, Scopus, and PubMed) published from 2012–2017. Stratified random sampling was performed to select 5% international articles. To reflect the research spectrum, articles were categorized into “Study Type Gradient”: in vitro studies (IV) + animal studies (AS), qualitative studies (QS) + review articles (RA) + case reports (CR), clinical trials (CT), product development (PD), practitioner/manufacturer survey (PS) + market research (MR) + consumer survey (CS), and economic evaluation (EE). Of the 531 Thai herbal medicine research were included in the analysis. Study Type Gradient was 116-23-12-24-19-2. As many as 281 herbs were studied, of which the most common were turmeric (Curcuma longa L.). Of the 2,184 herbal medicine research were included in the analysis. Study Type Gradient was 69-18-4-4-0-0. As many as 852 herbs were studied, of which the most common were Panax ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A.Mey.). Thai herbal medicine research spectrum has lacked qualitative studies, literature reviews, and clinical trials. In the next five years, policy driven research projects, nationally sponsored research projects, and investigator-initiated research projects should contribute to 30%, 40%, and 30%, respectively.
2. National Research Council of Thailand. Draft national research strategy and innovation 20 years (2017-2036). Bangkok: Cocoon and Co; 2017. 133 p. (in Thai)
3. Teerachaisakul M, Pongpirul K, editors. Thai traditional medicine research recomendation and Thai traditional medicine research situation. Nonthaburi: Thai Traditional Medicine Research Institute; 2017. 49 p. (in Thai)
4. Kumluang S, Youngkong S, Yamabhai I, Kumdee C, Pilasant S, Werayingyong P, Bussabawalai T, Tantivess S, Teerawattananon Y. A review of health research priority setting in Thailand. Journal of Health Systems Research. 2016;10:230-49. (in Thai)
5. Woratanarat T, Woratanarat P, Wongdontee A, Chenphanitsub M. A review of situation and management of health literacy. R&D office for health research translation into practice, Department of Preventive and Social Science, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University; 2015. 64 p. (in Thai)
6. Yothasamut J, Werayingyong P, Teerawattananon Y. Priority setting in health technology assessment in Thailand: experience from the health intervention and technology assessment program. Journal of Public Health and Development. 2009;7(2):101-16. (in Thai)
7. Phimarn W, Caichompoo W, Sungthong B, Saramunee K. A systematic review and meta-analysis on effectiveness of cissus quadrangularis (Linn.) in hemorrhoid treatment. Isan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2014;10(3):403-18. (in Thai)
8. Srisa-ard B. Basic Research. 9th ed. Bangkok: Suviriyasarn; 2013. 219 p. (in Thai)
9. Thien-ngam T, Boonkhong P, Sornjoy T, Fuckum S, Treemongknontip S, Suchaithanawanit S. The situation of the existing researches on Thai wisdom and traditional health care. Final report. Thai Health Institute; 2010. 298 p. (in Thai)
10. Natural Healing and Prevention: Renewed perspectives on herbal and traditional products. London: Euromonitor International; 2016. 49 p.