THE LEARNING STYLES OF DHURAKIJ PUNDIT UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS

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วาสนา วิสฤตาภา (Wasana Wisaruetapa) ไพฑูรย์ สินลารัตน์ (Paitoon Sinlarat)

Abstract

This research aimed to investigate Dhurakij Pundit University’s undergraduate students’ learning styles. The samples were 1501 undergraduate students. The research instruments were the scales measuring the students’ learning styles developed by the researcher. For data analysis, this research employed factor analysis and content analysis.


Based on our analysis of theories and concepts of learning styles, it was found that there are seven different learning styles namely, 1) learning by reasoning, 2) learning by oneself, 3) learning by listening (audio learning), 4) learning from visual stimuli (visual learning), 5) learning in groups, 6) learning from words (verbal learning), and 7) learning by doing. It was found that visual learning had the highest mean; the lowest mean was the learning by oneself. When the students’ learning styles were analyzed, 18 different learning styles were identified, all of which could explain up to 69.97 percent of the total variance of DPU’s undergraduate students’ learning styles. However, when only highest factor loading was determined under the three-variable condition, it was found that only 11 factors satisfied the criteria. The 11 factors are as follows: 1) verbal learning style, 2) visual learning style, 3) inside/outside of class learning style, 4) learning in groups, 5) learning from the environment, 6) learning by doing, and 7) learning through reasoning, 8) learning through listening, 9) learning based on one’s opinion, 10) learning alone, and 11) learning by setting up goals, content, and take action. It was found that the highest factor loading was found to be the factor of verbal learning, and the eleventh factor was learning by setting up goals, content, and then taking action. After the identification of the 11 factors, the researcher asked for advice from the experts and developed the scale for the measurement of the undergraduate students of Dhurakij Pundit University.

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