INAO: LAKHON NAI OF THE ROYAL COURT IN THE RATTANAKOSIN PERIOD

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ขวัญใจ คงถาวร (Kwanjai Kongthaworn) สวภา เวชสุรักษ์ (Savapar Vechsuruck)

Abstract

This article aims to study the performing style of Inao, Lakhon Nai (play of the royal court) in the Rattanakosin period. The data is collected from documentation, interview, observation, and researcher's experience. The results revealed that only 3 plays were performed in the royal court during the Rattanakosin period: Inao, Unarut, and Ramakien. Inao was the most popular play due to its performing style which consisted all of the five aesthetic elements according to the principles of Lakhon Nai. The five aesthetic elements are as follows: The characters - most characters are created to emphasize the aesthetic appearance, especially in the early Rattanakosin period in which the performers were selected from the well-trained ladies of the court.; The dancing postures - the dancing postures are elaborately created and corresponding to the dialogues, with grace and elegance, perfectly portrayed the performers' skills.; The costume - the dance costume is originated from the cloth of the ancient royal monarchy.; The music - lyrics and music used in the play are called "Thang Nai" which is a soft melody performed by Phi Phat Mai Nuam ensembles suitable for the delicate dance postures.; The rhythmic dialogue - the dialogues emphasize the beauty of all things and also represent social condition, traditions, and culture of that time. In addition to the five aesthetic elements, it is also found that teachers or experts who are responsible for the selection and control of the creative process are another important element in each performance.

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References

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