Prevalence of Dysphagia in Hospitalized Stroke Patients in Sisaket Hospital

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Sasithorn Saiyot

Abstract

Background: Dysphagia is a common condition in stroke and associated with increased mortality and morbidity. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of dysphagia in hospitalized stroke patients in Sisaket Hospital and to investigate the association between dysphagia and pneumonia.
Subjective: Hospitalized stroke patients in Sisaket Hospital
Duration of study: 1st January 2018 to 30th April 2018
Methods: This study design wascross sectional descriptive study. All subject completed thequestionnaire, which include demographic data and Bathel index. Dysphagia was evaluated by using the Modified Water Swallowing Test (MWST). The data of stroke type, location of stroke and pneumonia during hospitalized were collected by chart review.
Results: Sixty-six stroke patients entered the study (39 men, 27 women, mean age 65 years). Sixty patient were ischemic stroke and six patients were hemorrhagic stroke. The prevalence of dysphagia among those stroke patients was 30 percent. In addition there was a statistically significant association between dysphagia and pneumonia in stroke patients.
Conclusion: The prevalence of dysphagia in hospitalized stroke patients in Sisaket hospital was relatively high (30 percent). Furthermore, dysphagia was significantly associated with pneumonia in stroke patients.
Keywords: Dysphagia, Stroke, Pneumonia

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References

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