NAJUA Architecture, Design and Built Environment 2018-12-06T10:32:22+07:00 อาจารย์ ดร. เกรียงไกร เกิดศิริ Open Journal Systems <p>วารสารหน้าจั่ว ว่าด้วยสถาปัตยกรรม การออกแบบ และสภาพแวดล้อม เป็นวารสารของคณะสถาปัตยกรรมศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยศิลปากร โดยเริ่มจัดพิมพ์ตั้งแต่ ปี พ.ศ. 2524 จนถึงปัจจุบัน มีวัตถุประสงค์เพื่อเสริมสร้างความรู้ และความคิดใหม่ๆ ในสาขาวิชาที่เกี่ยวข้องกับสถาปัตยกรรม การออกแบบและสภาพแวดล้อมสรรค์สร้าง อันเป็นการเสริมความเข้มแข็งแก่วงวิชาการและวิชาชีพทางสถาปัตยกรรมศาสตร์</p> ข้อมูลเบื้องต้นของวารสาร | INTRODUCTION 2018-12-06T10:29:45+07:00 Najua Najua <p>--</p> 2018-11-16T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## ผู้ทรงคุณวุฒิพิจารณาบทความ | PEER REVIEW 2018-12-06T10:29:46+07:00 Najua Najua <p>--</p> 2018-11-16T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## สารบัญ | TABLE OF CONTENT 2018-12-06T10:25:46+07:00 Najua Najua <p>--</p> 2018-12-06T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## บทบรรณาธิการ | EDITOR TALK 2018-12-06T10:29:47+07:00 Najua Najua <p>--</p> 2018-11-16T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Establishment of Cooperation Network for Safeguarding and Utilization of Cultural Heritage in the Mekong Basin Countries Future Possibility Considering from Comparative Study in Angkor-Cambodia, Hue-Vietnam and Japan 2018-12-06T10:29:50+07:00 Takeshi Nakagawa <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Angkor monuments are characterized by a structure with dry masonry and corbel&nbsp;arch standing on a high foundation constructed by rammed-earth layered soil. This structural&nbsp;engineering is considered to have likely been affected and developed by the climate,&nbsp;weather and geological condition of Angkor area. In addition, although a basic method of&nbsp;plan layout is hierarchical axiality and symmetrical arrangement, a central axis of a monument&nbsp;is slightly shifted from that of its’ site in a conscious way. This declination can be&nbsp;considered as an arrangement to harmonize composition elements by placing historical and&nbsp;new values in the two axes: the central axis of the site representing traditional cultures as a&nbsp;sacred land, and that of the monument representing a new culture coming from the outside&nbsp;as an architectural style. Thus, Angkor monuments have such remarkable characteristics of&nbsp;harmonization among natural climate, native tradition and new cultures, and this tendency&nbsp;can also be seen commonly in cultural heritage in Hue, Vietnam and Japan. Furthermore,&nbsp;those, which have been formed in sub-margin cultures as a result of long succession of&nbsp;selective influences caused by moderate distance from cores-Asiatic ancient civilizations-India and China, are considered to have significance in the process of a world history after&nbsp;the modern period.</p> 2018-06-25T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Complex of Hue Monuments, introduction of its significances and considering for the future tourism development: Case study of Kim Long village and its frontal base town 2018-12-06T10:29:58+07:00 Le Vinh An <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;First phrase of this paper aimed to introduce in general the significance of the Hue&nbsp;as a first UNESCO World Heritage site in Vietnam which has been recognized since December,&nbsp;1993. Ancient Capital City of Hue (the Heritage site) located in the middle region of Vietnam&nbsp;developed as a base of Nguyen Dynasty and thrived as a capital of the Country from the&nbsp;early 19th century to middle 20th century. The Heritage site contained full concept of the&nbsp;typical Ancient Capital City of Vietnam which including the Citadel, Imperial Palaces, Imperial&nbsp;Tombs, Temples, Religious facilities and its surroundings great natural environment well&nbsp;known as Feng-shui concept are still remained.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;In second phase, this paper examines for considering on the current issues of Kim&nbsp;Long village and its frontal base town for future development. Kim Long village is well known&nbsp;as a first base of the Capital city of Hue during 17thcentury to 18th century under period of&nbsp;Nguyen Lords in Cochin-china of Vietnam. Located at West-South side of the Hue Citadel,&nbsp;Kim Long village is famous for tourism, well known as interfere zone between politic center&nbsp;and religious center of the Heritage site, which hasn’t been cultivated for development yet.</p> 2018-06-25T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Ayutthaya and Burma 2018-12-06T10:30:08+07:00 Chotima Chaturawong Tawan Weerakoon Pongpon Yasi <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The paper aims to compare city layouts of Ayutthaya, Hanthawaddy, and Toungoo,&nbsp;capitals of the Siamese, Mon, and Burmese during the fourteenth to the sixteenth centuries&nbsp;after the fall of Pagan and Angkor. Historic city of Ayutthaya had an irregular shape and&nbsp;was surrounded by three rivers. The inner city with the royal palace to the northwest also&nbsp;consisted of several canals used for transportation and water supply. There were Buddhist&nbsp;temples in both the inner city and outer areas. While Hanthawaddy city of the Mon was&nbsp;established by King Byinnya U to the east of the Pegu River. It was enclosed with walls&nbsp;and had a shape of a sixteen-sided polygon with eight city gates. The royal palace was&nbsp;likely built at the center of the inner city whereas the Shwe Mawdaw, the most important&nbsp;pagoda, was situated outside the inner city to the west. Hanthawadddy was changed to a&nbsp;shape of a square in the reign of the Burmese King Bayinnaung who transferred the Burmese&nbsp;capital from Toungoo to Hanthawaddy around 1553. Hanthawaddy of King Bayinnaung was&nbsp;designed after the model of Toungoo or Ketumati with a shape of a square enclosed with&nbsp;walls and moats. The two cities consisted of the palace at the center, twenty city gates&nbsp;with five gates on each side, and ten streets to connect the gates on the north to those of&nbsp;the south and those of the east to those of the west. They also had four pagodas each at&nbsp;the corner of the city. This comparison provides the understanding of culture and characteristics&nbsp;of the Siamese, Mon, and Burmese.</p> 2018-06-25T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Orientation of Temple’s Layout Plan in World Heritage Town of Luang Phrabang, Lao PDR 2018-12-06T10:30:47+07:00 Nittha Bounpany ชัยสิทธิ์ ด่านกิตติกุล <p><strong>The Orientation of Temple’s Layout Plan in&nbsp;World Heritage Town of Luang Phrabang, Lao PDR.</strong></p> <p><strong>Nittha Bounpany</strong><br>Master of Landscape Architecture Program,&nbsp;Faculty of Architecture, Silpakorn University</p> <p><strong>Chaiyasit Dankittikul</strong><br>Faculty of Architecture, Kasetsart University<br><br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The study of building orientation of temples in Luang Phrabang is based&nbsp;on Sim, the principle building of the temple. It was found that building orientation&nbsp;related to traditions and beliefs of vernacular houses of the locals and the tide. That&nbsp;is, the roof was placed along the tide. In addition, building orientation here was not&nbsp;based on Buddhist custom, when buildings faced the east side. It was also found that&nbsp;building orientation of temples in Lanna and Sukhothai had cultural and historical&nbsp;practices in common.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;However, in 24th Buddhist Century, building orientation of Sim was changed.&nbsp;That is, transportation route played important role to religious buildings; however,&nbsp;there were not many evidences left. Then, when Luang Phrabang faced political&nbsp;problems and French colony, and finally became the World Heritage city of Lao PDR,&nbsp;many old Sim were removed, and were not reconstructed, as a result, there was no&nbsp;evidence of Sim which faced the transportation route.</p> 2018-09-24T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Prasat Nakhon Luang, Ayutthaya 2018-12-06T10:30:52+07:00 เกรียงไกร เกิดศิริ อิสรชัย บูรณะอรรจน์ บุณยกร วชิระเธียรชัย ปรมพร ศิริกุลชยานนท์ <p><strong>Prasat Nakhon Luang, Ayutthaya</strong></p> <p><strong>Kreangkrai Kirdsiri</strong><br><strong>Isarachai Buranaut</strong><br><strong>Bunyakorn Wachirathianchai</strong><br>Faculty of Architecture, Silpakorn University</p> <p><strong>Paramaporn Sirikulchayanont</strong><br>Faculty of Painting Sculpture and Graphic Arts, Silpakorn University</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This study aims to examine 3 main research questions: 1) what is the motivation and its&nbsp;context of the construction of Prasat Nakhon Luang 2) what Prasat in Angkor which Prasat Nakhon&nbsp;Luang probably got an inspiration from 3) weather Prasat Nakhon Luang was completely constructed.&nbsp;This study argues that Prasat Nakhon Luang was built by King Prasartthong as a symbol to show&nbsp;his righteousness in the government because he was enthroned and established a new dynasty&nbsp;called ‘Prasartthong dynasty’. This dynasty might have a relation with the monarchy of Angkor. As&nbsp;it reflects through the adapting of architectural pattern and layout plan of the style of Angkor’s&nbsp;Prasat to use with Prasat Nakhon Luang. This Prasat was also used a place for King Prasartthong to&nbsp;stay overnight during his pilgrimage to worship the Buddha’s footprint in Saraburi and performing&nbsp;royal rituals.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Moreover, this study suggests that the architectural style and layout plan of Prasat Nakhon&nbsp;Luang might be related to Prasat Baphuon. As the Royal Chronicles of Ayutthaya mentions that a&nbsp;group of observators were sent by King Prasartthong to survey at a Prasat called Krung Kampush&nbsp;Pradesh in Angkor. This might be used as its historical context. This study also purposes that Prasat&nbsp;Baphuon located in the royal palace was significant as Prasat of the Ankor city.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Additionally, the architectural style and layout plan of Prasat Nakhon Luang clearly reflects&nbsp;its closer relation with Prasat Baphuon which has of 29 canopies rather than Angkor Wat.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Finally, this study argues that Prasat Nakhon Luang was completely constructed and used&nbsp;as a place for king to stay overnight and perform royal rituals. However, most of the great Prasat&nbsp;were typically built by woods according to the architectural tradition. Without a good maintaining,&nbsp;they were ruined. Therefore, after the renovation of its upper level’s base in order to install 4&nbsp;Buddha’s footprints in the later period, archaeological evidence are thus disturbed. These cause&nbsp;many scholars suggested that Prasat Nakhon Luang was not completely constructed.</p> 2018-10-16T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Initial and Planning Stages in Preservation Process, Contributions to Recommendation for Appropriate Conservation Treatments: A Case of Conservation of the Our Lady of the Rosary Church Project 2018-12-06T10:30:59+07:00 Wimonrart Issarathumnoon <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This paper aims at understanding advantages of applying preservation process based&nbsp;on international doctrines to preservation practices in Thailand. The Conservation of the&nbsp;Our Lady of the Rosary Church Project that has been conducted based on such process&nbsp;was used as a case study. The project showed that the process of preparing a conservation&nbsp;plan helped to assemble important data covering a deeper understanding of the historic&nbsp;building’s evolution over time as well as a better understanding of its heritage significances&nbsp;and its current specific circumstances. This information led to appropriate conservation&nbsp;treatments and conservation works.</p> 2018-06-25T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Archaeological Conservation of Bagan Ancient Monuments in Myanmar 2018-12-06T10:31:02+07:00 Myo Nyunt Aung <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Bagan covers an area of about 45 - square kilometers along the eastern bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River. The total numbers of Bagan Buddhist monuments were 4446 in the Bagan period. A number of the monuments at Bagan had been destroyed by natural disasters, vandalism, and age. Now there are 3822 monuments of various sizes still standing in Bagan. Conservation, restoration, renovation and rehabilitation works of the ancient monuments at Bagan in Myanmar with the inscriptional evidences have been undertaken from the Bagan period onwards. Archaeological Conservation works have been started during the colonial times. Archaeological Conservation on Bagan monuments carried by the Department of Archaeology and National Museum were identified that are consolidation of walls, strengthening with RCC belts, grouting cracks, binding with steel rods, waterproofing on roofs and terraces, inserting tie beams around the terraces, propping inclining walls with temporary steel structures or other materials, pointing, edging and re-plastering, replacement of brick/stone masonry work, improving drainage and landscaping and chemical conservation of the artistic works on ancient monuments. The 2016 earthquake resulted in the removal of many interventions undertaken in 1996-2012. After the earthquake occurred in 2016, it was proved that the monuments which have been repaired and strengthened suffer no structural damage with some slide damage on nonstructural elements. The monuments which have been repaired and partially strengthened suffer structural damage on not strengthened parts. The monuments which have been only repaired generally suffer more damage with some partially collapse. So the repair and strengthening works should be obligations in the process of rehabilitation, conservations and protections of the ancient monuments.</p> 2018-06-28T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Properties of Historic Mortar and Plaster in the Historic City of Ayutthaya World Heritage Site 2018-12-06T10:31:09+07:00 นวลลักษณ์ วัสสันตชาติ <p><strong>The Properties of Historic Mortar and Plaster&nbsp;in the Historic City of Ayutthaya World Heritage Site</strong></p> <p><strong>Nuanlak Watsantachad</strong><br>Faculty of Architecture, Silpakorn University</p> <p><br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This research aims to characterize historic mortar and plaster found on&nbsp;ancient monuments of the Historic City of Ayutthaya World Heritage Site compared&nbsp;with the characteristics of modern materials specified by the Fine Art Dapartment for&nbsp;restoring the momuments sufferring from the 2014 Great Flood and in the past&nbsp;with the assumption that the properties of the studied historic mortar and plaster&nbsp;could lead to a standardization of the properties of modern mortar and plaster appropriate&nbsp;for the restoration of the monuments in this world heritage site. However,&nbsp;the research results show that, except being mainly composed of lime and sand,&nbsp;the other properties of the historic mortar and plaster vary from monument to&nbsp;monument regardless of the periods or styles of art and architecture. Hence, there&nbsp;is no starndard modern mortar and plaster that could be used in every Ayutthaya’s&nbsp;restoration project. Studying the properties of each monument’s materials prior to&nbsp;considering appropriate modern materials to be used for restoring them is therefore&nbsp;mandatory.</p> 2018-10-16T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Research on Integrated Approach for Rural Housing Design: A Case Study of Petchburi 2018-12-06T10:31:14+07:00 ต้นข้าว ปาณินท์ อภิรดี เกษมศุข ชินศักดิ์ ตัณฑิกุล พัฒนปกรณ์ ลีลาพฤทธิ์ อดิศร ศรีเสาวนันท์ เจนยุทธ ล่อใจ จีรศักดิ์ เกื้อสมบัติ พีรียา บุญชัยพฤกษ์ ธนาคาร โมกขะสมิต ทยากร จารุชัยมนตรี ปรีชญา มหัทธนทวี <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Research on Integrated Approach for Rural Housing Design:&nbsp;A Case Study of Petchburi</strong></p> <p><strong>Tonkao Panin</strong><br><strong>Apiradee Kasemsook</strong><br><strong>Chinasak Tandikul</strong><br><strong>Pattanapakorn Leelaprute</strong><br><strong>Adisorn Srisaowanunt</strong><br><strong>Janeyut Lorchai</strong><br><strong>Jeerasak Kueasombut</strong><br><strong>Pheereeya Boonchaiyapruek</strong><br><strong>Tanakarn Mokkhasmita</strong><br><strong>Tayagorn Charuchaimontri</strong><br><strong>Preechaya Mahattanathavi</strong><br>Faculty of Architecture, Silpakorn University</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Research on Integrated Approach for Rural Housing Design is a research initiated&nbsp;by the National Housing Authority, in conjunction with the Faculty of Architecture,&nbsp;Silpakorn University. As rural environment of Thailand has dramatically changed due&nbsp;to transforming ways of lives in rural areas, affecting the needs and requirements for&nbsp;the construction of houses in different regions of the country. Influenced by urban&nbsp;housing styles, the construction of new houses in most rural areas have gradually&nbsp;lost their unique regional and vernacular characters.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This research, thus aims to study and investigate possibilities to create appropriate&nbsp;rural housing, using Petchburi as a case study. It aims to propose different&nbsp;types of housing prototype that responds to different dwelling demands. Different&nbsp;housing proposals would then represent today’s dwelling requirements, whether&nbsp;social, cultural, economic and technical, while taking into account unique characteristics&nbsp;of the vernacular architecture in the region, creating the balance of the past,&nbsp;the present and the future.</p> 2018-06-18T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Charter on the Built Vernacular Heritage 2018-12-06T10:31:21+07:00 เกรียงไกร เกิดศิริ อิสรชัย บูรณะอรรจน์ <p><strong>The Charter on the Built Vernacular Heritage</strong></p> <p><strong>Kreangkrai Kirdsiri</strong><br><strong>Isarachai Buranaut</strong><br>Faculty of Architecture, Silpakorn University</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This article is the translation of “the Charter on the Built Vernacular Heritage” (1999),&nbsp;whose focal point is the concept for vernacular heritage which belongs to the humankind.&nbsp;It mentions characteristics of vernacular formation, which are unique and compatible with&nbsp;different contexts of the settings and environments. As a result, vernacular heritage leads to&nbsp;understanding of historical, social, and cultural development. However, changing globalization&nbsp;has been affecting and, moreover, destroying such heritage. Hence, ICOMOS, whose mission&nbsp;is focused on heritage conservation, realized such effect and prepared the Charter so as to&nbsp;retain vernacular heritage and its value for contemporary society.</p> 2018-06-26T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Transformation of the Vernacular House Appearance: Case Study of the Tai-Kern Vernacular House in Keng-Tung, Shan State, Myanmar 2018-12-06T10:31:26+07:00 อรศิริ ปาณินท์ <p><strong>The Transformation of the Vernacular House Appearance:&nbsp;Case Study of the Tai-Kern Vernacular House&nbsp;in Keng-Tung, Shan State, Myanmar</strong></p> <p><strong>Ornsiri Panin</strong><br>Faculty of Architecture, Kasetsart University</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The study for the Transformation of the Vernacular House Appearance:&nbsp;Case Study of the Tai-Kern Vernacular House in Keng-Tung, Shan State, Myanmar,&nbsp;emphasized the transformation of the Vernacular House Appearance and the factors&nbsp;involved, which harmonized to their life-style and context. Selected villages for&nbsp;cases study. Ban Mao, yang-Law District, Ban-Nong-Aaw, Keng Tung District, Ban Lao&nbsp;and Ban-Den-Jang, Kard-Fah District, in assisting with special tools for analysis and&nbsp;synthesis. Those are, the village physical plan and the period of establishing, ages of&nbsp;houses constructed, houses site plan, house plan, house form and building materials.&nbsp;It was found that the factors in concerning with the transformation of the Tai-Kern&nbsp;Vernacular houses are integrated with, the village physical plan, the change of the&nbsp;location of the traditional “hearth” or “kitchen” in the floor plan, and the change&nbsp;of building materials from timber to brick in the future. The change of wall materials&nbsp;also introduced the innovation of the combination of timber skeleton structure and&nbsp;brick load bearing structure, the new local wisdom.</p> 2018-08-24T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Spatial Characteristics in Tai Yuan Houses in Mae Chaem District, Chiang Mai Province 2018-12-06T10:31:32+07:00 พัชรินทร์ ศรีบุญทันกุล ระวิวรรณ โอฬารรัตน์มณี <p><strong>Spatial Characteristics in Tai Yuan Houses&nbsp;in Mae Chaem District, Chiang Mai Province</strong></p> <p><strong>Patcharin Sribooonthunkul</strong><br>Master of Architecture Program,&nbsp;Faculty of Architecture, Chiangmai University</p> <p><strong>Rawiwan Oranratmanee</strong><br>Faculty of Architecture, Chiangmai University</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This article aims to find the spatial characteristics of traditional Tai Yuan&nbsp;Houses. Based on a spatial analytical comparing between interior space in Tai Yuan&nbsp;Houses from the literature review and fieldwork survey in Mae Chaem District, Chiang&nbsp;Mai Province. On issues related to: elements of space, the relationship between&nbsp;space, functions and way of life, and the renovation/extensions patterns and effects&nbsp;to the spaces. Qualitative method was used in carrying out the research based on&nbsp;observation which information was collected from observations and interviews of&nbsp;a field study at Mae Chaem District, Chiang Mai Province. This study found that Tai&nbsp;Yuan House perceived from the fieldwork survey in Mae Chaem District and from&nbsp;literature review are similar in main structures of space’s elements and characteristics&nbsp;but widely different in details of secondary elements which come from the higher&nbsp;needs of more space following in the present Tai Yuan people’s way of life. Interior&nbsp;space is designed in order of access and privacy from outside to inside by using the&nbsp;knowledge about level of floor and enclosure wall to specify living area. This creates&nbsp;a smooth transition of space. The study of Spatial Characteristics in Tai Yuan Houses&nbsp;shows the wisdom of organization of space that is consistent with the activities and&nbsp;way of life of Tai Yuan people. These knowledges could be applied to modern houses&nbsp;design that still maintains Tai Yuan’s identity.</p> 2018-09-10T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Information Technology (IT) Barometer Review in Construction Industry 2018-12-06T10:31:42+07:00 Non Khuncumchoo <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This review aims to 1) examine the logic and steps undertaken in order to&nbsp;survey the level of IT use in the construction industry using the IT Barometer tool,&nbsp;2) understand the reasons behind each question/step in order to apply this tool appropriately,&nbsp;3) monitor any changes due to advancement in technology, process, or&nbsp;procedure in later studies, and 4) review and examine other IT Barometer surveys in&nbsp;Southeast Asia and Taiwan. Differences in each study affecting the integrity of the&nbsp;study are also identified. The reviewed results could help researchers to understand&nbsp;and appropriately apply this tool to investigate how well the construction industry&nbsp;uses IT and compare with the neighbor countries.</p> 2018-06-18T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Zoo Design for Learning and Promoting Awareness Toward the Livings 2018-12-06T10:31:47+07:00 สินีนาถ ศุกลรัตนเมธี <p><strong>Zoo Design for Learning and Promoting Awareness&nbsp;Toward the Livings</strong></p> <p><strong>Sineenart Sukolratanametee</strong><br>Department of Urban Design and Planning,&nbsp;Faculty of Architecture, Silpakorn University</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Zoo is a unique and valuable public place which serves four primary roles: recreation,&nbsp;education, research, and conservation. Although, the recreational role of a zoo seems&nbsp;to predominate the others, any enhancement of such role through creation of entertaining&nbsp;experience can turn a zoo from merely a place for animal exhibition to a place of learning.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This article explores the evolution of zoological design from its early period where&nbsp;animals are displayed in cage barriers for entertaining purposes, to newer trends where&nbsp;animals and visitors are immersed into the same environment, designed to enrich visitor&nbsp;experience and animal welfare. These trends aim to educate public through exhibition design&nbsp;and to enhance their learning experience through stimulation of human cognitive process.&nbsp;Examples of newer design trends are; activity-based design where behavioral enrichment&nbsp;design is used to encourage animal activities resulting in more attractive display; affiliative&nbsp;design which aim to create human empathy with animals through enhancement of natural&nbsp;bonding between human and animals; and the newer idea attempting to have visitors and&nbsp;animals in the same habitat, thus experiencing the same things. The evolution explicitly&nbsp;delivers a message of a changing viewpoint toward human role in the environment from&nbsp;homocentricity to biocentricity.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Therefore, zoo design can be used to enforce human learning process and also&nbsp;to promote public awareness on the ethics toward nature and wildlife. As such, zoo can&nbsp;become a place of learning that allows visitors to observe, interpret, evaluate, and learn&nbsp;from its content as well as its message conveying co-existence of the livings in the world.</p> 2018-06-26T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Reading Urban Identity: Approach to Culture, Landscape and Place 2018-12-06T10:31:56+07:00 สิงหนาท แสงสีหนาท <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Urban identity is the meaning governed by the ways in which people recall of&nbsp;human existence in the environment where evaluations and self-identities are embed in&nbsp;that processes of recognition. Even though identity could not sustained because of change&nbsp;of idea and emotion, it becomes a powerful sphere for the period of time to identify the&nbsp;social meaning with respect to a regime of truth. Constituted by worldview, preference and&nbsp;ways of life, consciousness in this sense is centre to interpret of social and urban identity.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Reading urban identity has to be proceeded of people, history and social recognition.&nbsp;Comprising of cultural and physical dimensions, determinations of Identity can be&nbsp;delivered. Regarding influences of people’s experiences and concepts of space, place is&nbsp;fundamental to analyse the meanings, intentions and practices that people hold for the&nbsp;environment. Urban identity must be scrutinized of people’s sense of place, and it is crucial&nbsp;to note that the insideness perception is a cornerstone to define the place as well as the&nbsp;collective identity of space. Considerations for urban identity, therefore, are achieved by&nbsp;way of the history of how people form and transform their communities, the experience&nbsp;in spaces that dynamic of social groups and classes are found, and the aspiration for the&nbsp;environment where social- and self-identities are constructed as a representation for the&nbsp;place. Human recognition is essential to understand human and social existence in spaces,&nbsp;disclosing how the environment communicates and attaches society to what is call urban&nbsp;identity.</p> 2018-10-03T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Book Review: Smart about Cities Visualising the Challenge for 21st Century Urbanism 2018-12-06T10:32:04+07:00 Kisnaphol Wattanawanyoo Piyapong Boossabong <p>--</p> 2018-11-16T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## STALLED PEDAGOGIES: Launching Renewal in Undergraduate Sustainable Building-Design (SB-D) Pedagogy through Multi-protagonist Insight 2018-12-06T10:32:09+07:00 Alvaro Conti Acharawan Chutarat <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Alternative trajectories for Sustainable Building-Design (SB-D) instruction are shaped&nbsp;through multi-protagonist insight. SB-D stakeholders at the School of Architecture &amp; Design&nbsp;(SoA+D), Bangkok, Thailand, become <em>“protagonists”</em> in opening future pedagogical trajectories&nbsp;that point towards the next iteration of SB-D instruction.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Data are collected from students, teachers, industry-experts and future employers&nbsp;via four types of research methodology; 1) Questionnaires (using structured and partiallystructured&nbsp;questions); 2) Interviews (in-depth, one-to-one, conducted with open and partiallystructured&nbsp;questions); 3) Delphi Panel process through 5-point Lickert questionnaire and; 4)&nbsp;Roundtable event (with participant feedback &amp; post-event interviews).</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Grounded theory is next used to interpret all questionnaire and interview data&nbsp;from which twelve possible trajectories for future SB-D instruction emerge. A Delphi panel&nbsp;of experts ‘rank’ all trajectories in order of their viability for future use and the results are&nbsp;presented-back to all stakeholders via a Roundtable Event.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The roundtable debates the proposed directions for future instruction. Their collective&nbsp;insight aspires to a trajectory that uncouples SB-D instruction from its typical <em>“lesson-plan”</em>&nbsp;delivery and guides it toward the idea of <em>“possibility planning”</em>. In such a scenario, possibility&nbsp;planning allows a greater freedom to compose the teaching and learning experience&nbsp;and provides the conditions for more intriguing instructional ideas to emerge. In this way,&nbsp;protagonists take orthodox instruction and re-animate it as a wholly more compelling and&nbsp;promiscuous vehicle with which to encounter SB-D.</p> 2018-06-26T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Capacity Building for Social Architects and Participatory Design in Thai Context 2018-12-06T10:32:15+07:00 สุปรียา หวังพัชรพล <p><strong>Capacity Building for Social Architects and&nbsp;Participatory Design in Thai Context</strong></p> <p><strong>Supreeya Wungpatcharapon</strong><br>Faculty of Architecture, Kasetsart University<br><br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This paper investigated the social architects and participatory design practices&nbsp;in the context of Thailand through literature review, and in-depth interviews with four&nbsp;groups of social architects, which are; CASE Studio, Jai-Baan Architects Studio, Openspace&nbsp;&amp; Tar-Saeng Studio, and architects from Community Organizations Development Institute&nbsp;(CODI). The knowledge, skills and attitudes, as well as potentials and obstacles found in&nbsp;the work of social architects at the individual and organizational level were examined.&nbsp;The study aimed at highlighting how to build capacity to the social architects working&nbsp;with participatory design processes, which considered not only as a challenge but also&nbsp;a potential to extend the boundary of architectural practices. The finding indicated that&nbsp;over the past decades, the scope of works of social architects and participatory design&nbsp;has grown from the initial focus on housing for low-income communities to more diverse&nbsp;forms of work, ranging from local planning, the conservation and rehabilitation of historical&nbsp;community, design for all, to the development of urban public spaces. Additionally, the&nbsp;study suggested that building capacity for social architects and participatory design approach&nbsp;required integrated factors at three levels. At the individual level, social architects&nbsp;needed skills of conducting basic research, management, and more importantly, a respect&nbsp;to diverse opinions. At the inter-personal level, emphasis is placed on coordination and&nbsp;knowledge management. Finally, at the organizational level, flexibility in the management&nbsp;of the organization, exchanges of knowledge amongst the network, promoting and&nbsp;advancing the works of social architects towards sustainable profession opportunities, as&nbsp;well as a broader public communication are essential to empowering the social architects.</p> 2018-09-13T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##