NAJUA: Architecture, Design and Built Environment <p><strong>วารสารหน้าจั่ว ว่าด้วยสถาปัตยกรรม การออกแบบ และสภาพแวดล้อม</strong></p> <p><strong>Najua: Architecture, Design and Built Environment&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;วารสารหน้าจั่ว ว่าด้วยสถาปัตยกรรม การออกแบบ และสภาพแวดล้อม เป็นวารสารของคณะสถาปัตยกรรมศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยศิลปากร โดยเริ่มจัดพิมพ์ตั้งแต่ ปี พ.ศ. 2524 จนถึงปัจจุบัน มีวัตถุประสงค์เพื่อเสริมสร้างความรู้ และความคิดใหม่ ๆ ในสาขาวิชาที่เกี่ยวข้องกับสถาปัตยกรรม การออกแบบ และสภาพแวดล้อมสรรค์สร้าง เป็นการเปิดพื้นที่ใหม่ในการเสนอผลงานทางวิชาการให้แก่ ผู้รู้ นักวิชาการ นิสิต นักศึกษา และบุุคลทั่วไปที่สนใจในศาสตร์ต่าง ๆ ที่เกี่ยวเนื่องกับสถาปัตยกรรม อันจะเป็นการเสริมความเข้มแข็งแก่วงวิชาการ และวิชาชีพทางสถาปัตยกรรมศาสตร์ต่อไป</p> <p>ISSN 2697-4630&nbsp;(Print)&nbsp;</p> <p>ISSN 2697-4665&nbsp;(Online)&nbsp;</p> en-US (Lecturer Kreangkrai Kirdsiri, PhD.) (อาจารย์ ดร. เกรียงไกร เกิดศิริ) Thu, 29 Aug 2019 09:53:48 +0700 OJS 60 ข้อมูลเบื้องต้นของวารสาร | INTRODUCTION <p>--</p> Najua Najua ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 20 Aug 2019 00:00:00 +0700 ผู้ทรงคุณวุฒิพิจารณาบทความ | PEER REVIEW <p>--</p> Najua Najua ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 20 Aug 2019 00:00:00 +0700 สารบัญ | TABLE OF CONTENT <p>--</p> Najua Najua ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 20 Aug 2019 00:00:00 +0700 บทบรรณาธิการ | EDITOR TALK <p>--</p> Najua Najua ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 20 Aug 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Chronology of Vernacular Architecture Study in Thailand: a Significant Movement <p><strong>Chronology of Vernacular Architecture Study in Thailand:&nbsp;a Significant Movement</strong></p> <p><strong>Amarit Muadthong</strong><br>Doctor of Philosophy Program in Vernacular Architecture,&nbsp;Faculty of Architecture ,Silpakorn University</p> <p><strong>Supitcha Tovivich</strong><br>Faculty of Architecture ,Silpakorn University</p> <p><strong>Ornsiri Panin</strong><br>Faculty of Architecture ,Kasetsart University<br><br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This article aims at explaining the chronology of vernacular architecture study in Thailand&nbsp;through academic studies during 1939-2006 in order to signify the status of the knowledge and attitudes&nbsp;towards bodies of knowledge in Thailand and to compare with the international contexts.&nbsp;There are three categories of periodical development which are 1.) the beginning: exploration and&nbsp;collection of bodies of knowledge; 2.) further studies to development by comparing with international&nbsp;contexts and the derivation of “vernacular architecture”; and 3.) guidelines for further&nbsp;studies.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;When the studies were compared under international contexts, the adaptation was figured&nbsp;out, from only structural construction to its surroundings, along with interdisciplinary approaches,&nbsp;especially in terms of anthropology. There were also important aspects to be focused on. In other&nbsp;words, cultural landscapes, comprising ordinary ways of life and the architecture, were more focused.&nbsp;For further studies in the future, aspects about vernacular architecture need to relate to&nbsp;issues which vary through the changing world. In addition, theories, principles, and guidelines need&nbsp;to be revised with critical discourse analyses to cover all related aspects.</p> อมฤต หมวดทอง, สุพิชชา โตวิวิชญ์, อรศิริ ปาณินท์ ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 03 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Vernacular in Contemporary Design: Intermediary space <p><strong>Vernacular in Contemporary Design: Intermediary space</strong></p> <p><strong>Janeyut Lorchai</strong><br>Doctor of Philosophy Program in Vernacular Architecture,&nbsp;Faculty of Architecture, Silpakorn University</p> <p><strong>Veera Inpantang</strong><br>Faculty of Architecture, Silpakorn University</p> <p><br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Folk vernacular house has been built related to location context, harmonious&nbsp;with the surrounding nature and suitable for functional activities. Distinctive character&nbsp;of the house that conform with the environment and way of life is an intermediate&nbsp;space. It is a significant area to create connection between interior space and exterior&nbsp;environment according to the level of enclosure, in determining the living interaction&nbsp;patterns due to natural factors and sociocultural system.<br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This article aims to describe the relationship of three parts: 1) The vernacular&nbsp;in folk house; 2) Concepts and theories concerning the intermediate space; and 3)&nbsp;Creative approach from vernacular to contemporary design. A conceptual framework&nbsp;is set for the development of wisdom creation of intermediate space characteristics&nbsp;from folk vernacular house to contemporary design. The conclusions draw the criteria&nbsp;for consideration on function/activities, level of privacy and relationship to the&nbsp;external environment.<br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Finally, in analysis the case study with such criteria, the result shows that&nbsp;conceptual framework can be applied to contemporary house design in different&nbsp;contexts, creating architecture that suitable for a place in the present situation as&nbsp;well as in the past.</p> เจนยุทธ ล่อใจ, วีระ อินพันทัง ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 26 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Reading the Transformation of Tai-Lao Ethnic Life Style in the Central of Thailand from Their Houses Plan <p><strong>Reading the Transformation of Tai-Lao Ethnic Life Style&nbsp;in the Central of Thailand from Their Houses Plan</strong></p> <p><strong>Ornsiri Panin</strong><br>Faculty of Architecture, Kasetsart University<br><br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; This research article aimed to study life-style transformation of the Tai-Lao&nbsp;Ethnic, which settled down in the Central Region of Thailand for more than 2 centuries.&nbsp;From the comparative study of the house plan which can reflected their living both&nbsp;in physical and abstract conditions, together with the study of the original house plan&nbsp;which might be influenced to the present plan. Using the comparative study of 4 Tai-Lao Ethnic group, Phuan, Lao-Vieng, Lao-Krang and Lao-Ngeaw which originated from&nbsp;Xiang-Khuang, Vientien and Luang Prabang in the Lao PDR. And Lao-Song (Black Tai)&nbsp;which originated from Dien-Bien and Sonla in Vietnam. Various of house plan reading&nbsp;and analysing, it was found that, every group have the similar planning arrangement&nbsp;which emphasized the big central common space surrounded with sacred space, sleeping&nbsp;place and kitchen situated on the edge. The sacred space is strictly remained in&nbsp;Lao-Song (Black Tai) and Phuan but also still ordinary remained in others. No original&nbsp;style planning existed in Lao-Song (Black-Tai) and Phuan. The original Vientien house&nbsp;plan clearly influenced on Lao-Viengand Lao-Ngeaw and slightly influenced on Lao-Krang. The image of Thai traditional style house plan overshadowed Lao-Song and&nbsp;Phuan houses but reserved from the enclosure of rooms around the terrace open&nbsp;space to be rooms enclosed the central covered hall under the appearance of the&nbsp;Thai style double roofs. This can be seen very clear that the cultural baggage from&nbsp;the origin transferred to minor cultural in Thai community with the harmonized and&nbsp;warmly relationship.</p> อรศิริ ปาณินท์ ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 20 Aug 2019 00:00:00 +0700 An Applied Recreational Opportunity Spectrum (ROS) and Carrying Capacity Assessment for Tourism Destination Management: A Case of Kood Island <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The main objective of this article is to disseminate academic service findings with regard&nbsp;to a study of zoning and carrying capacity of tourism in tourism development district funded by&nbsp;Ministry of Tourism and Sports.<br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;As an academic service, this study adopts an integrated theoretical framework stemmed&nbsp;from policies and plans (national to regional, provincial and local levels), legislations in relating&nbsp;to Kood Island’s land uses and applications of various theories in Carrying Capacity&nbsp;(CC), Recreational Opportunity Spectrum (ROS), environmental psychology, landscape&nbsp;perception, and territoriality &amp; personal space behavior. The results of ROS research&nbsp;were zoning which was used as a guidance for carrying capacity. ROS and zoning&nbsp;were made base on local tourism policy maker and industry. Carrying capacity of&nbsp;Kood Island’s tourism development districts therefore responses to both physical&nbsp;and psychological area requirements.<br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; This study is using mixed method. It comprised of qualitative methods which&nbsp;are site survey and non-participant and participant observation, in-depth open-end&nbsp;interview with tourists, local service providers, government authorities and local administrations&nbsp;as well as quantitative methods of statistic method in tourist opinion&nbsp;survey by questionnaires and remote sensing data and GIS in analyzing physical attributes&nbsp;and synthesizing Physical Carrying Capacity. Policy and brainstorming meeting of&nbsp;stakeholders were conducted to conclude and endorse zoning and carrying capacity.<br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The research findings reveal that there are four appropriate ROS zonings of&nbsp;Kood Island: Primitive Use Zone, Semi-Primitive Use Zone without Vehicle, Semi-Primitive Use Zone with Vehicle, and Rural Use Zone. Regarding analysis of related&nbsp;factors, Kood Island’s total Carrying Capacity is 2,280 people as a result of limited&nbsp;facilities (hotel and water supply) which are now number of tourists almost exceed&nbsp;CC. Although its Physical Carrying Capacity (PCC) and Psychological Carrying Capacity&nbsp;(PsCC) are higher, 14,456 and 9,163 people respectively. In order to increase a number&nbsp;of tourists exceeding its total CC, key facilities need to be improved and other&nbsp;problems affecting Kood Island’s tourism, for example land ownership, wastewater&nbsp;from resorts, public accessibility to private beach, public transportation, low tourists&nbsp;during the low season, and tourist service control also need to be solved.</p> ปณิตา วงศ์มหาดเล็ก, กัตติกา กิตติประสาร, กัลมลี ธรรมิกบวร, กรวรรณ รุ่งสว่าง ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 22 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 From Old Brick to A Museum Building: A Case Study of Baan Hollanda, How architecture and its environment impacts museum visitor’s experience <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; This paper examines firstly the ideas and thought process of museum architectural&nbsp;design approach from historical context, archeology excavation to architectural drawing of&nbsp;Baan Hollanda, an information center of Thai - Ducth relation in Ayutthaya province, Thailand.&nbsp;This case example shows how architecture concept hybrids between a reminiscent of an old&nbsp;VOC building in 17th century with a flexible modern architecture to meet the needs of public.&nbsp;Secondly, this study shows how physical aspect of museum building and its environment&nbsp;impacts visitor’s museum experience.</p> Hatairat Estrella Montien ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 20 Aug 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Symbolic and Cultural Meanings of the Chinese Home Decoration Theme in the Early Rattanakosin Murals of the Reign of King Nangklao in Wat Ratcha Orasaram <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This study examines Buddhist artwork to evaluate past human behaviour in&nbsp;terms of cultural adaptation in the second quarter of the 19<sup>th</sup> century. By integrating&nbsp;interdisciplinary theoretical frameworks and methods from art history, the environmental&nbsp;archaeology of human ecosystems, and the phenomenology of landscape,&nbsp;the CHDT mural at Wat Ratcha Orasaram is found to represent short-term cultural&nbsp;change (the advent of the royal preference) in Siamese society in the process of&nbsp;diversifying cultural selection.<br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Significantly, enhancing the discussion of such cultural change with phenomenological&nbsp;perspectives, this research discloses the power of images, the hierarchy of&nbsp;art, the function of murals, and human cultural-environmental interactions, defined&nbsp;here as phenomena of cultural change, which disclose more dynamic cultural adaptation&nbsp;and can be evaluated via interdisciplinary investigation drawing on philosophical&nbsp;theory, environmental archaeology, and art history to reveal the response of humans&nbsp;to cultural changes. This cultural change was the result of dynamic Siamese cultural&nbsp;adaptation as an active response to Chinese influence on ideas and style identified&nbsp;with the monarchic power of a pious king, Nangklao, and his Sinophilia. Various Chinese&nbsp;cultural elements, including murals of the Chinese decoration theme and Chinesestyle&nbsp;architecture, were adapted for royal Buddhist temples under the patronage of&nbsp;the king and aristocrats during the Third Reign.</p> Kittikhun Janyaem ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 12 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Development Of Archaeological Applications In Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya With 3d Virtual Reality Technology <p><strong>Development Of Archaeological Applications In Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya&nbsp;</strong><strong>With 3d Virtual Reality Technology</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Ruwaida Arbedeen</strong></p> <p>Master of Education in Educational technology,&nbsp;Faculty of Education, Srinakharinwirot University</p> <p><strong>Rattapol Pradapwet</strong></p> <p>Faculty of Education, Srinakharinwirot University</p> <p><strong>Naramon Sirawong</strong></p> <p>Faculty of Education, Srinakharinwirot University</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; This research divided the research into two phases, according to the research objectives: Phases One focused on the development and evaluation by applying of 3D virtual reality technology to ancient monuments in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya.&nbsp; There were 6 people to assess the quality of the research instruments. Phase Two studied the effect of using applications in monuments in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya with 3D virtual reality technology. There were forty people, which were obtained the voluntary participation of trial users of the application. The researcher interviewed twenty-four people who visited the ancient monument in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya. And thirteen people were interested in Thai architecture due to social media sites.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Which the research found ancient applications in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya with 3D virtual reality technology consisting of three elements: activity, broadcast receiver and content providers. In terms of quality level, the average value wes 3.93 and the standard deviation is 0.70. The quality evaluation from the content experts at a very high level of quality with an average value of 4.20 and a standard deviation of 0.75. The results of the study of the opinions of the users of ancient archaeological applications in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya with 3D virtual reality technology had a high level of opinion, with an average of 4.18 and a standard deviation of 0.79.</p> รุวัยดา อาบีดีน, รัฐพล ประดับเวทย์, นฤมล ศิระวงษ์ ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 15 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 แบบฟอร์มและรูปแบบการอ้างอิง | Forms and reference forms <p>--</p> Najua Najua ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 21 Aug 2019 00:00:00 +0700