NAJUA: Architecture, Design and Built Environment <p><strong>วารสารหน้าจั่ว ว่าด้วยสถาปัตยกรรม การออกแบบ และสภาพแวดล้อม</strong></p> <p><strong>Najua: Architecture, Design and Built Environment&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;วารสารหน้าจั่ว ว่าด้วยสถาปัตยกรรม การออกแบบ และสภาพแวดล้อม เป็นวารสารของคณะสถาปัตยกรรมศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยศิลปากร โดยเริ่มจัดพิมพ์ตั้งแต่ ปี พ.ศ. 2524 จนถึงปัจจุบัน มีวัตถุประสงค์เพื่อเสริมสร้างความรู้ และความคิดใหม่ ๆ ในสาขาวิชาที่เกี่ยวข้องกับสถาปัตยกรรม การออกแบบ และสภาพแวดล้อมสรรค์สร้าง เป็นการเปิดพื้นที่ใหม่ในการเสนอผลงานทางวิชาการให้แก่ ผู้รู้ นักวิชาการ นิสิต นักศึกษา และบุุคลทั่วไปที่สนใจในศาสตร์ต่าง ๆ ที่เกี่ยวเนื่องกับสถาปัตยกรรม อันจะเป็นการเสริมความเข้มแข็งแก่วงวิชาการ และวิชาชีพทางสถาปัตยกรรมศาสตร์ต่อไป</p> <p>ISSN 2697-4630&nbsp;(Print)&nbsp;</p> <p>ISSN 2697-4665&nbsp;(Online)&nbsp;</p> en-US (Lecturer Kreangkrai Kirdsiri, PhD.) (อาจารย์ ดร. เกรียงไกร เกิดศิริ) Wed, 25 Dec 2019 11:19:05 +0700 OJS 60 ข้อมูลเบื้องต้นของวารสาร | INTRODUCTION <p>--</p> Najua Najua ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 25 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 ผู้ทรงคุณวุฒิพิจารณาบทความ | PEER REVIEW <p>--</p> Najua Najua ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 25 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 สารบัญ | TABLE OF CONTENT <p>--</p> Najua Najua ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 25 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 บทบรรณาธิการ | EDITOR TALK <p>--</p> Najua Najua ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 25 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Expanding Boundaries of Practice in (World) Heritage Management: from Conservation to Sustainable Development <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development marks for&nbsp;the first time the inclusion of cultural heritage in the global development agenda.&nbsp;At the same time, it also raises a question about the readiness of existing heritage&nbsp;institutions to cope with this vastly expanded scope, in comparison to traditional&nbsp;mandates focused mainly on conservation. This paper proposes that the expanding&nbsp;boundaries of heritage practice has three important dimensions: changes in heritage&nbsp;concepts, changes in heritage management issues, as well as changes in managerial&nbsp;or governance frameworks. It traces key milestones in modern heritage practice&nbsp;since the mid-20th century, and offers policy recommendations for existing heritage&nbsp;institutions to deal with these new frontiers of management practice.</p> Montira Unakul ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 19 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Central Charoen Krung tourism: Creative district as a promotional tool for a historical community <p><span class="fontstyle0">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This research was conducted to answer the question of Central Charoen&nbsp;Krung’s identity before and after the emergence of a putative creative module promoted within the area, and how creative district could help raise awareness among&nbsp;today societies. Primary data were collected from survey and observation of physical&nbsp;condition, and interviews of stakeholders; secondary data derived from academic&nbsp;texts and historical images. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used in&nbsp;the analysis.</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle0">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The putative ‘creative district’ concept was used to promote Central Charoen&nbsp;Krung district, where the area was previously forgotten from the wider context of&nbsp;Thailand’s tourism industry. According to the literature review and research findings&nbsp;relevant to ideas of genius loci, gentrification and creative city, Central Charoen Krung&nbsp;district presents as controversial despite the injection of a ‘creative module’ into the&nbsp;district as a current model of tolerance and of the accommodation of difference in&nbsp;an historical area of Bangkok.</span></p> Tanat Bha-aryaphatn, Tippawan Tangpoonsupsiri ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 09 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Factors affecting heritage building conservation projects management with different usage characteristics: 3 case studies <p><span class="fontstyle0"><strong>Sirichai Pongsuchart</strong><br></span><span class="fontstyle2">Independent Architect</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle0"><strong>Kwanchai Roachanakanan</strong><br><strong>Pibul Jinawatn</strong><br></span><span class="fontstyle2">Faculty of Architecture, Silpakorn University</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle0"><strong>Warrasak Jakrapiyanun</strong><br></span><span class="fontstyle2">Property Perfect Public Company Limited<br></span><span class="fontstyle0"><br></span><span class="fontstyle3">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The objective of this research is to investigate the factors that affect the heritage building&nbsp;conservation project management in three different building types, namely hotel, office building,&nbsp;and commercial building. The selected buildings are the properties of The Crown Property Bureau.&nbsp;They were built between 2411B.E. and 2468 B.E., and influenced by Western architectural style.&nbsp;This research proceeded with qualitative method by interviews from the project participants and&nbsp;the relevant documentation. The data were used in analysis process to find the crucial factors that&nbsp;affect the heritage building conservation projects. The result shows four important factors affect the&nbsp;projects, firstly, an inefficiency of data collection and building survey which leads to the change of&nbsp;project plans and affects the project schedules and budgets. Secondly, unclear policies can increase&nbsp;the project periods and budgets. Thirdly, too flexible and strict regulations of organizations affect&nbsp;time and budgets of the project management in terms of the projects and causing more budgets&nbsp;which decrease the work quality. The fourth factor is the lack of personnel and work experience&nbsp;which delay the project schedules and reduce the quality of work.</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle3">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;According to the crucial factors, they brought out several suggestions to solve the problems;&nbsp;planning an appropriate schedule of site survey and using technology for heritage building assessment;&nbsp;setting obvious project goals; adjusting the project plans, budgets and schedules follow the actual&nbsp;situation; promoting related agencies to provide skill training for stakeholders. Moreover, considering&nbsp;maintenance after achieving the projects is also important.</span></p> Sirichai Pongsuchart, Kwanchai Roachanakanan, Pibul Jinawatn, Warrasak Jakrapiyanun ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 12 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The Conservation and Development of an Historic City Based on the Concept of Historic Urban Landscape: Lesson Learned from Historic City of Naples, Italy <p><span class="fontstyle0"><strong>Isarachai Buranaut</strong><br></span><span class="fontstyle2">School of Architecture, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle0"><strong>Kreangkrai Kirdsiri</strong><br></span><span class="fontstyle2">Faculty of Architecture, Silpakorn University</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle0"><strong>Pat Wongpradit</strong><br></span><span class="fontstyle2">Conservation Architect&nbsp;and Scholarship student in Royal Golden Jubilee (RGJ),&nbsp;Ph.D. Program in Vernacular Architecture Program,&nbsp;Silpakorn University<br></span><span class="fontstyle0"><br></span><span class="fontstyle3">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This study evaluates the lesson learned of the management plan regarding the&nbsp;conservation and development of Naples Historic town based on the ‘Historic Urban&nbsp;Landscape’ approach. Remarkably, the result has shown that the strategy of local action&nbsp;plan is outstandingly successful. In other words, the value of the area of historic centre of&nbsp;Naples is well connected with the natural-physical context of the Naples bay supervised&nbsp;by the City Council of Naples, and the Port Authority of Naples respectively. Moreover, the&nbsp;mechanics of cooperation with the European exchange and learning programme promoting&nbsp;sustainable urban development (URBACT) is successfully implemented in promoting an&nbsp;academic realm and the strategic planning.</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle3">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Considerably, those types and mechanics driving projects can be categorised&nbsp;into 3 groups; 1) projects organised by local authority, 2) projects supervised under the&nbsp;network of international cooperation, 3) projects cooperated between government and&nbsp;private units. Apparently, all these groups will be collaborated altogether to generate the&nbsp;greatest achievements.</span></p> Isarachai Buranaut, Kreangkrai Kirdsiri, Pat Wongpradit ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 20 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The Seven-Centuries History of a Tai Aristocratic Family of Dali, Yunnan Province: An Analysis Based on Epigraphic and Documentary Records of the “Ah” Family” <p><span class="fontstyle0"><strong>Samerchai Poolsuwan</strong><br></span><span class="fontstyle2">Faculty of Sociology and Anthropology,&nbsp;Thammasat University</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle3">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The article presents a set of primary records to reveal the history of the aristocratic&nbsp;</span><span class="fontstyle4">“Ah” </span><span class="fontstyle3">family of Deng-chuan, a township in the Dali principality of Yunnan China. Being designated by the imperial court, the family hereditarily ruled the township from 1382 CE, in&nbsp;the first reign of the Ming dynasty, until coming to the end of the system in 1728 CE, during&nbsp;the Yung-cheng reign of the Qing dynasty. The records include two long lithic inscriptions of&nbsp;the family history (dated 1508 and 1577 CE), a number of tomb inscriptions, and a record&nbsp;of the family genealogy, woodblock printed in 1843 CE — during the Tao-kuang reign of&nbsp;the Qing dynasty. An analysis of these records reveals the origin of the </span><span class="fontstyle4">“Ah” </span><span class="fontstyle3">family to be&nbsp;ethnically </span><em><span class="fontstyle4">“Pai-ae” </span></em><span class="fontstyle3">(Tai), closely linked by blood with the Tai ruling class of the Salween&nbsp;Valley. It was for centuries, from the late Yuan to early Qing, that the </span><em><span class="fontstyle4">“Ah” </span></em><span class="fontstyle3">rulers of Dengchuan had actively engaged in the political changes of Yunnan. Although being heavily&nbsp;absorbed into the Chinese cultural domain, the family had still maintained its </span><em><span class="fontstyle4">“Tai” </span></em><span class="fontstyle3">ethnic&nbsp;consciousness, truly in a politically dependent manner, as reflected by its maintenance of&nbsp;marriage relationship with the ruling classes of various Tai groups in the Mae-khong and Red&nbsp;River valleys.</span></p> Samerchai Poolsuwan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 12 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Transitional space in Thai ways <p><span class="fontstyle0"><strong>Pobsook Tadtong</strong><br></span><span class="fontstyle2">Doctor of Philosophy Program in Vernacular Architecture,&nbsp;Faculty of Architecture, Silpakorn University</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle0"><strong>Veera Inpantang</strong><br></span><span class="fontstyle2">Faculty of Architecture,&nbsp;Silpakorn University<br></span><span class="fontstyle0"><br></span><span class="fontstyle3">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This paper aims to define </span><em><span class="fontstyle4">“Transitional space in Thai ways” </span></em><span class="fontstyle3">based on the&nbsp;conceptual framework that different life style generates different transitional spaces.&nbsp;The methods used in this paper starts with comparing various framework and theories&nbsp;of western and eastern transitional space, overview of meaning, representation in&nbsp;architectural theories through ways of life.</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle3">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The result shows that, there are 3 types of transition and 6 parts of transitional space in Thai ways. Three types of transition are life-transition called </span><em><span class="fontstyle4">“Tam&nbsp;Kwan”</span></em><span class="fontstyle3">, time-transition, and inside-outside space-transition. Six parts of transitional&nbsp;space are elevated platform in front of staircases, entrance space, Chan (central terrace), Rabiang (verandah), Thong (hall), and door-window of each living unit in Thai&nbsp;traditional house.</span></p> Pobsook Tadtong, Vira Inpuntung ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 09 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Operating Room Renovation Project Management: A Case Study of A Joint Commission International (JCI) Accredited Private Hospital <p><span class="fontstyle0"><strong>Thananat Kitsirichawanan</strong><br></span><span class="fontstyle2">Master of Science in Construction Project Management,&nbsp;Faculty of Architecture, Silpakorn University</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle0"><strong>Darunee Mongkolsawat</strong><br></span><span class="fontstyle2">Faculty of Architecture, Silpakorn University<br></span><span class="fontstyle0"><br></span><span class="fontstyle3">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The objective of this research is to propose guidelines for improving operating&nbsp;room renovation project management to compliance with the Joint Commissioning&nbsp;International (JCI) standard. The research was conducted through interviewing 15 key&nbsp;informants (Project Development, Health Safety Environment and Infection Control&nbsp;Management, Operating Room, Engineering Services and Maintenance, Medical Equipment, Property Security, and Environmental Services) in a selected hospital. Based&nbsp;on the interviews, major problems in pre-, during, and post-construction phases were&nbsp;in these five categories: 1) Laws, regulations, and facility inspection requirements 2)&nbsp;Staff education 3) Safety and security 4) Organizing, and 5) Controlling. In order to&nbsp;reduce aforementioned problems, the following processes were recommended: develop and update the database of the hospital facilities especially as-built drawings&nbsp;regularly; develop explicit standards/procedures for hospital’s renovation projects;&nbsp;arrange a meeting with contractors to inform relevant standards and specific project&nbsp;requirements before bidding and contractor selection process; and arrange daily/weekly meetings during the whole construction process in order to set up plans and&nbsp;problem solutions and to develop effective communication between departments.</span></p> Thananat Kitsirichawanan, Darunee Mongkolsawat ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 09 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Achievement Motivation Characteristics in Construction’s Supervisors: A Case Study of Japanese Construction Company in Thailand <p><strong>Meechai Noipitak</strong><br>Department of Design and Project Development,&nbsp;Robinson Public Company Limited</p> <p><strong>Tayagorn Charuchaimontri</strong><br>Faculty of Architecture, Silpakorn University<br><br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This study aims to determine not only the level of achievement motivation,&nbsp;but also the relationship between personal factors and level of achievement motivation&nbsp;of construction’s supervisors in Japanese construction company in Thailand.&nbsp;It was conducted by collecting 373 questionnaires, divided into 17 questions from 7&nbsp;topics about the achievement motivation and 4 questions about the organization.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;It is found that most construction supervisors had achievement motivation&nbsp;characteristics in individual responsibility, knowledge of result of decision, energetic,&nbsp;organizational skills, risk-taking, anticipation of future possibilities and competition,&nbsp;respectively. Furthermore, the Japanese construction company encourages and educates&nbsp;knowledge for staffs in the organization following Japanese culture. Moreover,&nbsp;it is found that male supervisors have higher achievement motivation than female&nbsp;ones in almost all the aspects. The more experience supervisors have, the higher&nbsp;achievement motivation in anticipation of future possibilities and responsibility have.</p> Meechai Noipitak, Tayagorn Charuchaimontri ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 16 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Mixed-Use Study & Design for Public Area Usageon Footpath: Case Studies in Chiang Mai Old City, Thailand <p><span class="fontstyle0"><strong>Chiranthanin Kitika</strong><br></span><span class="fontstyle2">Faculty of Architecture,&nbsp;Chiangmai University<br></span><span class="fontstyle0"><br></span><span class="fontstyle3">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This article posits to study on public area usage and footpaths. Researcher chooses&nbsp;Phrapokkloa – Chang Phuak rd. as area of study where belongs to North-south axis of the&nbsp;old city. From 10 case studies, research methodology is referred to Neighborhood network&nbsp;which is a conceptual study to understand social space with conditions of physical design&nbsp;and social relations.<br></span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle3">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;By location based learning, these public area usages appeared conflicts between&nbsp;old communities and business-purpose activities through existing government urban&nbsp;management. Mixed-use design is the design integration on urban development which&nbsp;provides flexibility program and manages diversity usage towards becoming Walkable city&nbsp;and Slow-Life city. Mixed-use design feature is to converge physical design with fostering&nbsp;social on specific location. This research is set to reclaim the new understanding of public&nbsp;area design with the concept of Mixed-use design. Furthermore, research finding is to analyze mixed-use design as new feature on public areas in Chiang Mai. These features aim&nbsp;to compromise conflicts and also improve functional programming on Chiang Mai public&nbsp;area.</span></p> Chiranthanin Kitika ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 18 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 แบบฟอร์มและรูปแบบการอ้างอิง | Forms and reference forms <p>--</p> Najua Najua ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 20 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700