NAJUA: Architecture, Design and Built Environment <p><strong>วารสารหน้าจั่ว ว่าด้วยสถาปัตยกรรม การออกแบบ และสภาพแวดล้อม</strong></p> <p><strong>Najua: Architecture, Design and Built Environment&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;วารสารหน้าจั่ว ว่าด้วยสถาปัตยกรรม การออกแบบ และสภาพแวดล้อม เป็นวารสารของคณะสถาปัตยกรรมศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยศิลปากร โดยเริ่มจัดพิมพ์ตั้งแต่ ปี พ.ศ. 2524 จนถึงปัจจุบัน มีวัตถุประสงค์เพื่อเสริมสร้างความรู้ และความคิดใหม่ ๆ ในสาขาวิชาที่เกี่ยวข้องกับสถาปัตยกรรม การออกแบบ และสภาพแวดล้อมสรรค์สร้าง เป็นการเปิดพื้นที่ใหม่ในการเสนอผลงานทางวิชาการให้แก่ ผู้รู้ นักวิชาการ นิสิต นักศึกษา และบุุคลทั่วไปที่สนใจในศาสตร์ต่าง ๆ ที่เกี่ยวเนื่องกับสถาปัตยกรรม อันจะเป็นการเสริมความเข้มแข็งแก่วงวิชาการ และวิชาชีพทางสถาปัตยกรรมศาสตร์ต่อไป</p> <p>ISSN 2697-4630&nbsp;(Print)&nbsp;</p> <p>ISSN 2697-4665&nbsp;(Online)&nbsp;</p> en-US (Lecturer Kreangkrai Kirdsiri, PhD.) (อาจารย์ ดร. เกรียงไกร เกิดศิริ) Thu, 12 Dec 2019 13:25:37 +0700 OJS 60 Expanding Boundaries of Practice in (World) Heritage Management: from Conservation to Sustainable Development <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development marks for&nbsp;the first time the inclusion of cultural heritage in the global development agenda.&nbsp;At the same time, it also raises a question about the readiness of existing heritage&nbsp;institutions to cope with this vastly expanded scope, in comparison to traditional&nbsp;mandates focused mainly on conservation. This paper proposes that the expanding&nbsp;boundaries of heritage practice has three important dimensions: changes in heritage&nbsp;concepts, changes in heritage management issues, as well as changes in managerial&nbsp;or governance frameworks. It traces key milestones in modern heritage practice&nbsp;since the mid-20th century, and offers policy recommendations for existing heritage&nbsp;institutions to deal with these new frontiers of management practice.</p> Montira Unakul ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 19 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Central Charoen Krung tourism: Creative district as a promotional tool for a historical community <p><span class="fontstyle0">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This research was conducted to answer the question of Central Charoen&nbsp;Krung’s identity before and after the emergence of a putative creative module promoted within the area, and how creative district could help raise awareness among&nbsp;today societies. Primary data were collected from survey and observation of physical&nbsp;condition, and interviews of stakeholders; secondary data derived from academic&nbsp;texts and historical images. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used in&nbsp;the analysis.</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle0">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The putative ‘creative district’ concept was used to promote Central Charoen&nbsp;Krung district, where the area was previously forgotten from the wider context of&nbsp;Thailand’s tourism industry. According to the literature review and research findings&nbsp;relevant to ideas of genius loci, gentrification and creative city, Central Charoen Krung&nbsp;district presents as controversial despite the injection of a ‘creative module’ into the&nbsp;district as a current model of tolerance and of the accommodation of difference in&nbsp;an historical area of Bangkok.</span></p> Tanat Bha-aryaphatn, Tippawan Tangpoonsupsiri ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 09 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Factors affecting heritage building conservation projects management with different usage characteristics: 3 case studies <p><strong> <span class="fontstyle0">Factors affecting heritage building conservation projects management&nbsp;with different usage characteristics: 3 case studies</span></strong></p> <p><span class="fontstyle0"><strong>Sirichai Pongsuchart</strong><br></span><span class="fontstyle2">Independent Architect</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle0"><strong>Kwanchai Roachanakanan</strong><br><strong>Pibul Jinawatn</strong><br></span><span class="fontstyle2">Faculty of Architecture, Silpakorn University</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle0"><strong>Warrasak Jakrapiyanun</strong><br></span><span class="fontstyle2">Property Perfect Public Company Limited<br></span><span class="fontstyle0"><br></span><span class="fontstyle3">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The objective of this research is to investigate the factors that affect the heritage building&nbsp;conservation project management in three different building types, namely hotel, office building,&nbsp;and commercial building. The selected buildings are the properties of The Crown Property Bureau.&nbsp;They were built between 2411B.E. and 2468 B.E., and influenced by Western architectural style.&nbsp;This research proceeded with qualitative method by interviews from the project participants and&nbsp;the relevant documentation. The data were used in analysis process to find the crucial factors that&nbsp;affect the heritage building conservation projects. The result shows four important factors affect the&nbsp;projects, firstly, an inefficiency of data collection and building survey which leads to the change of&nbsp;project plans and affects the project schedules and budgets. Secondly, unclear policies can increase&nbsp;the project periods and budgets. Thirdly, too flexible and strict regulations of organizations affect&nbsp;time and budgets of the project management in terms of the projects and causing more budgets&nbsp;which decrease the work quality. The fourth factor is the lack of personnel and work experience&nbsp;which delay the project schedules and reduce the quality of work.</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle3">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;According to the crucial factors, they brought out several suggestions to solve the problems;&nbsp;planning an appropriate schedule of site survey and using technology for heritage building assessment;&nbsp;setting obvious project goals; adjusting the project plans, budgets and schedules follow the actual&nbsp;situation; promoting related agencies to provide skill training for stakeholders. Moreover, considering&nbsp;maintenance after achieving the projects is also important.</span></p> ศิริชัย พงษ์สุชาติ, ขวัญชัย โรจนกนันท์, พิบูลย์ จินาวัฒน์, วรศักดิ์ จักราปิยนันท์ ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 12 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The Seven-Centuries History of a Tai Aristocratic Family of Dali, Yunnan Province: An Analysis Based on Epigraphic and Documentary Records of the “Ah” Family” <p><strong> <span class="fontstyle0">The Seven-Centuries History of a Tai&nbsp;Aristocratic Family of Dali, Yunnan Province: An Analysis Based on&nbsp;Epigraphic and Documentary&nbsp;Records of the “Ah” Family”</span></strong></p> <p><span class="fontstyle0"><strong>Samerchai Poolsuwan</strong><br></span><span class="fontstyle2">Faculty of Sociology and Anthropology,&nbsp;Thammasat University</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle2"><br></span><span class="fontstyle3">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The article presents a set of primary records to reveal the history of the aristocratic&nbsp;</span><span class="fontstyle4">“Ah” </span><span class="fontstyle3">family of Deng-chuan, a township in the Dali principality of Yunnan China. Being designated by the imperial court, the family hereditarily ruled the township from 1382 CE, in&nbsp;the first reign of the Ming dynasty, until coming to the end of the system in 1728 CE, during&nbsp;the Yung-cheng reign of the Qing dynasty. The records include two long lithic inscriptions of&nbsp;the family history (dated 1508 and 1577 CE), a number of tomb inscriptions, and a record&nbsp;of the family genealogy, woodblock printed in 1843 CE — during the Tao-kuang reign of&nbsp;the Qing dynasty. An analysis of these records reveals the origin of the </span><span class="fontstyle4">“Ah” </span><span class="fontstyle3">family to be&nbsp;ethnically </span><em><span class="fontstyle4">“Pai-ae” </span></em><span class="fontstyle3">(Tai), closely linked by blood with the Tai ruling class of the Salween&nbsp;Valley. It was for centuries, from the late Yuan to early Qing, that the </span><em><span class="fontstyle4">“Ah” </span></em><span class="fontstyle3">rulers of Dengchuan had actively engaged in the political changes of Yunnan. Although being heavily&nbsp;absorbed into the Chinese cultural domain, the family had still maintained its </span><em><span class="fontstyle4">“Tai” </span></em><span class="fontstyle3">ethnic&nbsp;consciousness, truly in a politically dependent manner, as reflected by its maintenance of&nbsp;marriage relationship with the ruling classes of various Tai groups in the Mae-khong and Red&nbsp;River valleys.</span></p> เสมอชัย พูลสุวรรณ ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 12 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Transitional space in Thai ways <p><strong> <span class="fontstyle0">Transitional space in Thai ways</span></strong></p> <p><span class="fontstyle0"><strong>Pobsook Tadtong</strong><br></span><span class="fontstyle2">Doctor of Philosophy Program in Vernacular Architecture,&nbsp;Faculty of Architecture, Silpakorn University</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle0"><strong>Veera Inpantang</strong><br></span><span class="fontstyle2">Faculty of Architecture,&nbsp;Silpakorn University<br></span><span class="fontstyle0"><br></span><span class="fontstyle3">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This paper aims to define </span><em><span class="fontstyle4">“Transitional space in Thai ways” </span></em><span class="fontstyle3">based on the&nbsp;conceptual framework that different life style generates different transitional spaces.&nbsp;The methods used in this paper starts with comparing various framework and theories&nbsp;of western and eastern transitional space, overview of meaning, representation in&nbsp;architectural theories through ways of life.</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle3">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The result shows that, there are 3 types of transition and 6 parts of transitional space in Thai ways. Three types of transition are life-transition called </span><em><span class="fontstyle4">“Tam&nbsp;Kwan”</span></em><span class="fontstyle3">, time-transition, and inside-outside space-transition. Six parts of transitional&nbsp;space are elevated platform in front of staircases, entrance space, Chan (central terrace), Rabiang (verandah), Thong (hall), and door-window of each living unit in Thai&nbsp;traditional house.</span></p> พบสุข ทัดทอง, วีระ อินพันทัง ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 09 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Operating Room Renovation Project Management: A Case Study of A Joint Commission International (JCI) Accredited Private Hospital <p><strong> <span class="fontstyle0">Operating Room Renovation Project Management:&nbsp;A Case Study of A Joint Commission International (JCI)&nbsp;Accredited Private Hospital</span></strong></p> <p><span class="fontstyle0"><strong>Thananat Kitsirichawanan</strong><br></span><span class="fontstyle2">Master of Science in Construction Project Management,&nbsp;Faculty of Architecture, Silpakorn University</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle0"><strong>Darunee Mongkolsawat</strong><br></span><span class="fontstyle2">Faculty of Architecture, Silpakorn University<br></span><span class="fontstyle0"><br></span><span class="fontstyle3">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The objective of this research is to propose guidelines for improving operating&nbsp;room renovation project management to compliance with the Joint Commissioning&nbsp;International (JCI) standard. The research was conducted through interviewing 15 key&nbsp;informants (Project Development, Health Safety Environment and Infection Control&nbsp;Management, Operating Room, Engineering Services and Maintenance, Medical Equipment, Property Security, and Environmental Services) in a selected hospital. Based&nbsp;on the interviews, major problems in pre-, during, and post-construction phases were&nbsp;in these five categories: 1) Laws, regulations, and facility inspection requirements 2)&nbsp;Staff education 3) Safety and security 4) Organizing, and 5) Controlling. In order to&nbsp;reduce aforementioned problems, the following processes were recommended: develop and update the database of the hospital facilities especially as-built drawings&nbsp;regularly; develop explicit standards/procedures for hospital’s renovation projects;&nbsp;arrange a meeting with contractors to inform relevant standards and specific project&nbsp;requirements before bidding and contractor selection process; and arrange daily/weekly meetings during the whole construction process in order to set up plans and&nbsp;problem solutions and to develop effective communication between departments.</span></p> ธนณัฏฐ์ กฤษศิริชวนันท์, ดรุณี มงคลสวัสดิ์ ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 09 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700