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The objectives of the research were; 1) to study the components of effective school leadership for school principals, 2) to study the current and desirable states and methods to reinforce the effective school leadership for school principals under provincial administrative organization. The research methodology consisted of 2 phases. Phase 1 to explore the concepts, theories and relevant literatures concerning the components of effective school leadership for school principals. Techniques including the content analysis, the in-depth interviews. Phase 2 to study the problem, need and methods to reinforce the effective school leadership for school principals under provincial administrative organization. The Samples for this study consisted of 507 school administrators who work at the schools under the administrative organization including the school director, the vice school director, and the head of the academic department. The research instruments were the semi- structured interview and the five-rating-scale questionnaire and the data were analyzed by using the percentage, mean, standard deviation and Modified Priority Needs Index. The results of the study were as follows: 1. The components of the effective school leadership for school principals consisted of 3 components including strategic management, leadership management, and cooperation network. 2. The current states of the effective leadership of the principals under the provincial administrative organization were moderate. The desirable states of the effective leadership were at the highest level. The needs for the development of the effective leadership could be arranged as follows: strategic management, leadership management and cooperation network. The methods to reinforce the effective school leadership for school principals consisted of five methods: job training, coaching and mentoring, self-study, workshop and site visiting
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