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This descriptive correlational research aimed to examine relationships between family factors and the executive function development in preschool children. A multi-stage random sampling was used to recruit a sample of 198 mothers of their preschool children receiving services in child care centers in the municipality of Chon Buri province. Data were carried out from January to February 2018. Research instruments included a demographic questionnaire, the Home Observation the Measurement of Environment inventory, the Parenting Stress Index, and the executive function development in preschool children’s scale. Their reliability were .70, .95, and .96, respectively. Descriptive statistics and Pearson’s correlation coefficients were used to analyze the data. The results revealed that the mean score of executive function in preschool children was 87.24 (S.D. = 20.01). Parenting stress was negatively correlated to executive function in preschool children (r = -.147, p < .05), and others were found no significant relationship. These findings suggest that nurses and related personnel should develop activities to decrease parenting stress. Consequently, preschool children would have appropriate executive function.
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