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The purpose of this quasi-experimental research was to determine the effects of cognitive stimulation program on perceived memory self-efficacy among older adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). The sample included 23 older adults residing in Panasnikom district, Chon Buri province who had MCI by using Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) for screening and met the study inclusion criteria. Participants were randomly assigned into the experimental group (n=11) and the control group (n=12). Participants in the experimental group received the intervention program for 8 sessions, 2 sessions per week, while those in the control group received only usual care. Data collection was carried out from April to June 2017. Research instrument was the Memory Self-Efficacy Questionnaire-4 (MSEQ-4) with Cronbach’s alpha of .96. Descriptive statistics, Independent t-test, and repeated measures ANOVA were used for data analyses.
The results revealed that the mean scores of perceived memory self-efficacy in the experimental group was greater than those in the control group (F1,21 = 7.69, p < .05). Within the experimental group, the mean score of perceived memory self-efficacy at 1-month follow-up ( = 83.27, SD = 14.32) was significantly higher than at post-test ( = 79.41, SD = 16.58), and at pre-test ( = 57.23, SD = 24.17). The study findings indicate that this cognitive stimulation program was effective. Nurses and related health care providers could utilize this cognitive stimulation program to enhance older adults’ perception towards their memory self-efficacy.
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