Main Article Content
This quasi-experimental two-group pretest-posttest design aimed to examine effects of self-regulation program in a retro-line dancing exercise on blood sugar level and physical fitness of high risk persons with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). A multi-stage random sampling was used to recruit a sample of 55 participant divided 2 groups of the experimental and the comparison with 25 and 30 people for each group. Participants in the experimental group received the self-regulation program in a retro-line dancing for 8 weeks while the comparison group received usual care. Data were collected by using blood sugar testing, physical fitness measurement. Data analysis included descriptive statistic, t-test, Wilcoxon sign ranks test, Mann Whitney U test.
The results revealed that after receiving the program, participants in the experimental group had decreased mean difference in blood sugar level (t = 2.00, p<.05), waist circumference (t = 5.23, p<.001), fat percentage (t = 2.71, p<.01), systolic blood pressure (z = -1.68, p<.05) significantly higher than those in the comparison group. Moreover, the experimental group had increase mean difference in lung capacity significantly higher the comparison group (t = 2.97, p<.01) but the mean difference score of diastolic blood pressure were decreased not significantly higher than the other (z = -.88, p>.05). The result can be applied in high risk person with diabetes mellitus type 2 by strengthening self-regulation on eating behavior.
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