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This predictive correlation study aimed to examine predictors of the health status of preschool children, including child temperament, mother’ age, type of child rearing, and home environment. A multi-stage random sampling was used to recruit a sample of 140 mothers of preschool children, who brought their children to received service in child development centers, Chon Buri manucipality, Chon Buri province. Data were carried out from March to June, 2017. Research instruments included a demographic questionnaire, the health status perception questionnaire, the child temperament questionnaire, and the Home Observation for the Measurement of Environment inventory. Their reliabilities were .87, .79, and .87, respectively. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, Pearson’s correlation coefficients and Stepwise multiple regression analysis.
The results revealed that there was a positively significant relationship between home environment and the preschool’ health status (r = .228, p < .01). Home environment is the only and the best predictor (b = .228) of the child health status accounted for 5.2% of variance prediction (R2adj = .045, F2,138 = 7.578, p<.01). These findings indicate that nurse and related child healthcare personnel should encourage and support parents to provide appropriate, clean and safe environment at home for age-appropriate, and that could result in positive health status for preschool children.
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