Effects of Labor Support Program by a Female Relative on Fear of Childbirth and Perception of Childbirth Experience Among First-time Adolescent Mothers

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ชุลีพร การะภักดี วรรณี เดียวอิศเรศ อุษา เชื้อหอม

Abstract

Abstract


            The purpose of this quasi experimental research aimed to examine effects of a female relative support in labor program between first-time adolescent mothers who received labor support program by a female relative and those who received only routine nursing care. The participants were 47 of first-time adolescent mothers who attended antenatal care and gave birth at Sawanpracharak hospital, Nakhon Sawan province from February to May 2018. They were assigned into the control group (n = 22) and the experimental group (n = 25) by purposive sampling. The experimental group received both routine care and a female relative support in labor program while the control group received only routine nursing care. Data were collected by using a demographic record form, the Delivery Fear scale, and the perception of childbirth experience questionnaire. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and independent t-test.


          The results revealed that the participants in the experimental group chose their mothers to provided labor support and had a significantly lower fear of childbirth than those in the control group during the active phase and throughout the process of delivery (t45 = 3.61, p < .01 and t45 = 5.95, p < .001, respectively). The participants in the experimental group also had significantly more positive perception of childbirth experience than those in the control group (t45 = -3.86, p < .001).  These findings suggest that the nurse–midwives in labor rooms should support a female relative to give labor support for parturient especially for first-time adolescent mothers to help decrease fear of childbirth and to enhance positive perception of childbirth experience.

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บทความวิจัย

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