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This one-group pretest-posttest quasi-experimental study aimed to examine effect of the perceived self-efficacy promotion program of village health volunteers in caring and Follow-up preterm infants after discharge from hospitals. A convenience sampling was used to recruit 20 participants of village health volunteers, who already attended the workshop training for caring of preterm infants organized by the researchers. Moreover, in their villages must have preterm infants with aged about 12 months. Research instruments consisted of a demographic questionnaire, the knowledge test with KR-20 of .80, and the questionnaire of behavior in caring and follow-up infants to respond basic needs of preterm infants with Cronbach’s alpha reliability of .85. Data were analyzed by using frequency, percent, mean, standard deviation, and t-test.
The results revealed that after receiving the program, the knowledge and caring behaviors and follow-up infants were significantly higher than before receiving the program
(p<.01). Therefore, nurses should further develop the nursing intervention based on these findings in order to enhance ability of village health volunteers together with a family caregiver to provide effective care for preterm infants in their villages
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