Influencing of Psychosocial Factors on Happiness among Community-Dwelling Older Adults

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ภาวิดา พันอินากูล ภรภัทร เฮงอุดมทรัพย์ ดวงใจ วัฒนสินธุ์



            This predictive correlational study aimed to examine happiness and determine its influencing factors among the older adults residing. A simple random sampling was used to recruit a sample of 107 older adults residing in Pluagdang sub-district community, Rayong province. Research instruments were a demographic record form, the happiness questionnaire, the perceived self-efficacy questionnaire, the optimism questionnaire, the resilience questionnaire, and the family relationship questionnaire. Their Cronbach’s alpha reliability were .81, .80, .70, .80, and .82, respectively. Descriptive statistics, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, and Stepwise multiple regression analysis were employed for data analyses.

          The results revealed that the sample reported happiness at a high level (M = 4.72, SD = .18). Optimism and resilience together accounted for 18.6% of variance in prediction of happiness. The best predictor was optimism (b = .728, p < .001), and followed by resilience (b = .202, p < .01). Whereas perceived self-efficacy and family relationship could not predict happiness (p > .05). These findings could be used as baseline data for the health personnel including nurses to plan and develop a program to enhance happiness by placing an emphasis on promoting optimism and resilience among these older adults.


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