The Effects of a Self-Care Competency Developing Program by Maneeveda Exercise on Self-Care Behavior to Decrease Work Related Myalgia among Farmers at Pong District, Phayao Province

Main Article Content

กันจณา สุทาคำ มุกดา หนุ่ยศรี วาริณี เอี่ยมสวัสดิกุล

Abstract

Abstract


          The purpose of this quasi-experimental research was to examine effects of the self- care competency developing program by Maneeveda exercise on self-care behavior to decrease work related myalgia among farmers at Pong district, Phayao province. A convenience sampling technique was used to recruit a sample of 60 farmers with work related myalgia who received painkillers at Sub-district Health Promoting Hospitals (SHPH).  There were 30 participants from Oil SHPH in the experimental group receiving the self- care competency developing program by Maneeveda exercise on self-care behavior to decrease work related myalgia for 8 weeks. The comparison group was 30 participants from Ban Fay Keaw SHPH receiving the usual care. Research instruments for data collection consisted of a demographic record form, the perception in self-care efficacy to decrease work related myalgia (DWRM), the expectations in self-care outcomes to DWRM, the self -care behaviors to DWRM questionnaires, and the pain score assessment form. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, t-test, and Mann-Whitney U test.          The results revealed that after receiving the program, participants in the intervention group had perceived their self-care efficacy to DWRM, expectations in self -care outcomes to DWRM, and self-care behaviors to DWRM significantly higher than those in the comparison group (p < .05), and pain scores and painkiller drugs used significantly lower than those in the comparison group (p < .05). These findings suggest that the self-care competency developing program by Maneeveda exercise is effective. Nurse practitioners in communities could utilize this program for farmers in other communities. Consequently, competency for self-care behavior to decrease work related Myalgia would develop, and no need to use painkiller drugs to decrease work related Myalgia.

Keywords

Article Details

Section
บทความวิจัย

References

References

Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavior change. Psychological
Review, 84, 191 – 215.

Bureau of Occupational and Environmental Diseases, Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health, Thailand. (2017). Report situation of diseases and gender of health and environment 2017. Retrieved from http://envocc.ddc.moph.go.th/contents?g=11 [in Thai]

Chumklank, T. (2011). The effect of exercise promotion program by the application of self-efficacy and social support for pain decreasing among elderly with osteoarthritis knees in Wangnamkheaw district, Nakornratchasima province. Master of Public Health thesis, Health Education and Health Promotion, Khon Kaen University. [in Thai]

Detchakan, S. (2013). The effects of a back rehabilitation program on self-efficacy for physical active, pain, and flexibility of muscles among persons with low back pain. Thammasat Medical Journal, 13(4), 513-523. [in Thai]

Kalampakorn, S. (2012). An application of concepts and theories to health promotion and disease prevention in community, in Powwattana, A., et al. (Editors), Health
promotion and disease prevention in community: An application of concepts and
theories to practice (1st ed., page 29-68). Khonkaen: Klungnana Vitthaya. [in Thai]

Kumar, A., Gupta, M., & Katyal, T. (2013). Effect of trunk muscles stabilization exercises and
general exercises on pain in recurrent non-specific low back ache. International
Research Journal of Medical Sciences, 1(6), 23-26.

Manit, N. (2011). Effect of stretching exercise on low back pain and functional ability in home-based garment workers. Nursing Journal, 38(4), 93-103. [in Thai]

Ningsanon, N. (2011). Simply way to make life easier by maneeveda. Srinakharinwirot University (Journal of Science and Technology), 3(5), 1-13. [in Thai]

Phayao's Governor Office, Information and communication group. (2016). Briefing Phayao Province. Retrived from www.phayao.go.th/au/all_phayao_2559.pdf . [in Thai]

Pong District Municipality Office. (2017). Health information at Pong municipality. Retrieved from https://www.ponglocal.go.th/pong/index.php/2017 [in Thai]

Pongoen, P. (2012). Development of pain assessment practice guideline for cancer patients in Udonthani regional cancer center. Mater thesis of nursing science in adult
nursing, Khon Kaen University. [in Thai]

Simsiriwat, W. (2017). Effects of self-efficacy promotion on knowledge, perceived self-
efficacy and promoting thalassemia control behavior among Bangkok health volunteers. The Journal of Faculty of Nursing, Burapha University, 25(2), 94-104.
[in Thai]

Sithiwatcharapong, W. (2013). Effectiveness of Maneevej exercise for reducing work related musculoskeletal syndrome in office workers. Master of Science thesis, Anti-Aging and Regenerative Medicine, Mea Fah Luang University. [in Thai]

Uthairat, P. (2008). The effect of symptom management with rebalancing body structure program on low back pain in persons with chronic low back pain. Master of Nursing Science Thesis, Chulalongkorn University. [in Thai]

Watcharasin, K. (2008). Anatomy of life and balance of Maneeveda. The Journal of Maneeveda, 1, 85-92. [in Thai]

Yanakittkoor, P. (2012). The study of effects of self-massage and hermit exercise towards the use of analgesics: A case study of Koksi village ban fang district Khon Kaen province. Master of Pharmacy thesis, Khon Kaen University. [in Thai]