The Effects of a Self-Care Competency Developing Program by Maneeveda Exercise on Self-Care Behavior to Decrease Work Related Myalgia among Farmers at Pong District, Phayao Province

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กันจณา สุทาคำ มุกดา หนุ่ยศรี วาริณี เอี่ยมสวัสดิกุล



          The purpose of this quasi-experimental research was to examine effects of the self- care competency developing program by Maneeveda exercise on self-care behavior to decrease work related myalgia among farmers at Pong district, Phayao province. A convenience sampling technique was used to recruit a sample of 60 farmers with work related myalgia who received painkillers at Sub-district Health Promoting Hospitals (SHPH).  There were 30 participants from Oil SHPH in the experimental group receiving the self- care competency developing program by Maneeveda exercise on self-care behavior to decrease work related myalgia for 8 weeks. The comparison group was 30 participants from Ban Fay Keaw SHPH receiving the usual care. Research instruments for data collection consisted of a demographic record form, the perception in self-care efficacy to decrease work related myalgia (DWRM), the expectations in self-care outcomes to DWRM, the self -care behaviors to DWRM questionnaires, and the pain score assessment form. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, t-test, and Mann-Whitney U test.          The results revealed that after receiving the program, participants in the intervention group had perceived their self-care efficacy to DWRM, expectations in self -care outcomes to DWRM, and self-care behaviors to DWRM significantly higher than those in the comparison group (p < .05), and pain scores and painkiller drugs used significantly lower than those in the comparison group (p < .05). These findings suggest that the self-care competency developing program by Maneeveda exercise is effective. Nurse practitioners in communities could utilize this program for farmers in other communities. Consequently, competency for self-care behavior to decrease work related Myalgia would develop, and no need to use painkiller drugs to decrease work related Myalgia.


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