Factors Related to Perceived Childbirth Self-Efficacy in Primiparous Pregnant Women

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สุรวดี คัทสิงห์ วรรณี เดียวอิศเรศ สุพิศ ศิริอรุณรัตน์



The objective of this descript study was to examine factors related to perceived childbirth self-Efficacy among primiparous pregnant women. Research participants were 120 first-time pregnant women attending ante natal care clinic at Phaholpolpayuhasena hospital, Kanchanaburi province. They were recruited in the study by simple random sampling. Data were collected by using questionnaires of including Personal record form, Knowledge of Childbirth Questionnaire, Attitude towards Childbirth Questionnaire, and Thai Version of Childbirth Self-efficacy Inventory. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and Pearson product moment correlation coefficients.

The results showed that there were statistically significant positive correlations between education (r =.223, p = .014), family income (r = .228, p =.012), knowledge of childbirth (r = .23, p= .009), attitude toward childbirth (r = .256, p= 005)  and perceived childbirth self-efficacy at the alpha level .05. However, age of pregnant women was not significantly related with perceived childbirth self-efficacy at the alpha level .05 (r= -.007, p= .942). These findings suggest that nurses at ante natal care clinic should provide program of interventions such as childbirth education class to provide knowledge about childbirth and enhance positive attitudes towards childbirth to pregnant women which will help to increase perceived childbirth self-efficacy among pregnant women


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