Factors Affecting Iodine Deficiency Prevention Behaviors among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care Clinic at a Regional Hospital in the Northeastern Region

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กัลยา บัวบาน วรรณี เดียวอิศเรศ ตติรัตน์ เตชะศักดิ์ศรี



            Iodine deficiency in pregnant women affects the pregnant woman and fetus. The objective of this research were to study the prevalence of iodine deficiency prevention behaviors among pregnant women and factors affecting iodine deficiency prevention behaviors among pregnant women. The samples was a qualified pregnant women who received antenatal care at the regional hospital. 90 subjects were randomly selected. Data were collected using the questionnaire developed by the researcher. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and standard multiple regression analysis.

          The results revealed that The prevalence of iodine deficiency prevention behavior in pregnant women most frequently was iodized vitamin intake received from antenatal clinic (71.1%). and the perceived benefits of preventing iodine deficiency, The perceived barriers to prevention of iodine deficiency, Number of pregnancies and the income of pregnant women family prevalence of iodine deficiency prevention behaviors among pregnant women was 42.2% (R2=.422, p < .01). Perceived benefits of iodine deficiency prevention have the greatest influence on the prevalence of iodine deficiency prevention behaviors among pregnant women (β = .614, p < .01). The research suggests that there should be activities to help pregnant women recognize the benefits of preventing iodine deficiency.


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