DECENTRALIZED COMPARISON OF MEKONG BASIN COUNTRIES
The purposes of this article were to present the comparative trend of power decentralization among a group of countries surrounding Me Khong River area which includes Thailand, Lao, Cambodia, Myanmar, and Vietnam. The study was conducted by collecting data from relevant documents, field data gathered from interview the related paople, and from the observation of each country’s context. From the study of “Comparative trend of power decentralization among a group of countries surrounding Mekong River” found that Thailand is the most decentralized country, and the only one country with overlapping decentralization in regional and Local Wisdom level. There quality was found lacking in the rest of the group as most divide their administration into 2 parts. Among the power decentralization in 5 countries, the most popular decentralization power was administration, a decentralization of duty for local authority to take responsibility for the central administration. Another finding from the research was in among the counties which governed under democracy system; Thailand, Myanmar, and Cambodia, the level of decentralization is different but Myanmar and Cambodia are similar level of decentralization when compared with Vietnam and Lao that governed under Socialist system. There are 3 important points as follow; (1) Administration system does not reflect to level of decentralization of the country, (2) The level of decentralization depends on the government’s policy and, (3) The level of decentralization depends on the readiness of the local area.
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