COMPARING PHU TAI LANGUAGE IN RENU, RENU NAKHON DISTRICT, NAKHON PHANOM PROVINCE WITH SONG MEUNG TAI VILLAGES, KHAMMOUANE DISTRICT, LAOS

  • เกศนี คุ้มสุวรรณ สาขาวิชาภาษาไทย คณะมนุษยศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยราชภัฏพระนคร
  • วิภาวรรณ อยู่เย็น ภาควิชาภาษาไทย คณะมนุษยศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยเกษตรศาสตร์
Keywords: Phu Tai language, Tonal Spit, Nakhon Phanom Province, Laos

Abstract

This article is intended to compare the tonal tones of Phu Tai in area 2, Renu, Renu Nakhon District, Nakhon Phanom, and Tai language in Song Meung Tai villages, Khammouane District, Laos. Collected data from sixty speakers aged 50 and over using Gedney's tonal tones (1972) and using the phonetic method, the PRAAT analysis program sounds.The study indicated that Tai language in Nakhon Phanom has 5 tone units combining the tone of the tonal form AB123, A4 = B123 = DL1234, B4=C12=DS4 tone split B4 and C4 and B=DL tone 1 A123 has a mid falling rising level tone 2 A4 B123 DL1234 has a rising falling level tone 3 B4 C12 DS4 has a rising level tone4 C3 with mid-level tones and the tone at 5 C4 DS123 has a lower-mid rising but Phu Tai  language in Song Meung Tai villages, Khammouane District, Laos has 4 tone units combining the tone of the tonal form A123=DS123, A4=B12=C1=DL1234 tone split B4 and C4 and BDL tone 1 A123 DS123 has a mid rising-high level tone 2 A4 B12 C1 DL1234 has a rising falling tone 3 B3 C234 has a lower-mid high falling level and the tone at 4 B4 DS4 has rising level both Phu Tai language have the same tonal combination of A123 and DL1234. There is a tonal similarity to the rising falling level in the A4 B12 DL1234 and rising level in the B4 DS4. The mid tone is shown in Renu, Renu Nakhon District, Nakhon Phanom Province but in Song Meung Tai villages, Khammouane District, Laos do not appear, so the number of units of the two different places.

Author Biography

วิภาวรรณ อยู่เย็น, ภาควิชาภาษาไทย คณะมนุษยศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยเกษตรศาสตร์

รองศาสตราจารย์ ภาควิชาภาษาไทย คณะมนุษยศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยเกษตรศาสตร์

References

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Published
2018-01-21
Section
บทความวิจัย (Research Article)