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The objectives of this research were 1) to study and compare the level of leadership (Inspirational Motivation, Idealized Influence, Intellectual Stimulation, and Individualized Consideration) of the mayors in Thailand 2) to study and compare the level of the Effectiveness of Thai Municipalities. Survey research was designed for collecting information from officers of the municipalities (excepted Bangkok and Pattaya) by questionnaires using. Sample of 277 were recruited in the study. Both descriptive statistics and inferential statistics such as F-test was used for data analysis by statistical significance at 0.05 and 0.01 The results showed that 1. The leadership of the mayor in each municipality found that Municipal Office of Muang Kelang Nakhon, Tha Klong Town and Hua Hin had the most leadership of Inspirational Motivation and Municipal Office of Khuan Lang, Nong Prue and Sila had the most leadership of Idealized Influence. 2. Municipal Office of Sila had the most of the Effective. 3. The leadership of each mayor of the municipality were significantly different. 4. The effectiveness of each municipality were significantly different.
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