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The purposes of the research were to 1) compare Prathomsuksa 2 students’ vocabulary learning achievement before and after using activity-based learning; 2) explore the students’ opinions towards activity-based learning and 3) measure retention of Prathomsuksa 2 students using activity-based learning. The sample, selected by a simple random sampling technique, comprised 42 Prathomsuksa 2/5 students. Research instruments included are 1) lesson plans; 2) an English vocabulary achievement test; and 3) a questionnaire on opinions towards activity-based learning. The data were analyzed by mean of standard deviation and t-test of the One-Sample Test. The results of the study were as follows: 1) the students’ vocabulary learning achievement after studying through activity-based learning was higher than that before students’ studying at the 0.05 level. 2) the students’ opinions toward the activity-based learning were at a high level. 3) the students’ retention after studying towards activity-based learning and after studying 2 weeks later was significantly higher than that of the students’ retention after studying at the 0.05 level.
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