Enhancing Spatial Intelligence among Primary School Students Using VirtualReality Cognitive Training Program: An EEG Study

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สดใส ดุลยา สุมาลี สมนึก ปริญญา เรืองทิพย์ ปิยะทิพย์ ประดุจพรม


         This study aimed to develop a Virtual Reality cognitive training program (VR-CTP) for enhancingthe spatial intelligence in the primary school students, and to investigate the effect of the developed VR-CTP by comparing the accuracy score, response time, and absolute power before and after training program, between gender and general intelligence level after training. Sixty-eight students attending at Grade 5 of AnubanChanthaburi School in academic year 2018 took part in the study. They were screened into 4 groups (17 experimental per groups). The experimental group underwent the VR-CTP training for 12 times (10 minutes each time). The Paper Folding Test, Card Rotation Test and Mental Rotation Test were used to collect absolute powerof the band theta, alpha, low beta and high beta at the frontal, parietal, and temporal brain area. Data were analyzed by using the Repeated ANOVA and 2-way MANOVA.

        The results showed that VR-CTP consists of 2 training activities (Maze Walker and Construction Worker in 6 levels. After training with the VR-CTP, the EEG absolute power for alpha of the experiment group was increased in all spatial intelligence tests at the frontal, parietal, and temporal lobes, especially in the female group. Meanwhile, the students with a high level of general intelligence had a lower level of alpha at the frontal lobe, and an interaction effect between gender and general intelligence level was also found, revealing the benefits of continuous practice with the VR-CTP.


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