Effect of Siam Weed Leaf Crude Extract, Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M. King & H. Rob for Controlling Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae)

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ณฐพงศ์ เมธินธรังสรรค์ ดวงเดือน วัฏฏานุรักษ์

Abstract

The effect of siam weed leaf crude extract, Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M. King & H. Rob of ethanol extracts as repellent activity, insecticidal activity and inhibition of growth and development was tested on oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae). The treatments at various concentrations of siam weed leaf extract 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4 and 8% were applied. The treatments were arranged in a completely randomized design (CRD) and replicated 5 times on 10 adults and experiment was conducted at biology laboratory. The result found that the siam weed leaf crude extract as repellent activity, insecticidal activity and inhibition of growth and development on oriental fruit fly was significantly effective (p<0.05) when compared with the control. At 8% of siam weed leaf crude extract was effective as repellent activity on oriental fruit fly. The repellent activity of adult of oriental fruit fly was 9.60 + 0.48 adults (PR=92%) at the 12th hour and was 10.0 + 0.00 adults (PR=100%) at the 24th hour. The insecticidal activity at 8% of siam weed leaf crude extract was effective as insecticidal activity on larvae of oriental fruit fly. The percent of mortality was the highest 7.60 + 0.74 adults (76%) and LC50 value with 36.34 at the 24th hour and 10.00 + 0.00 adults (100%) and LC50 value with 23.28 at the 48th hour. Besides, at 0.5% of siam weed leaf extract was 25% of mortality of pupa stage when compared with control was 0.0%. The time of development of pupa stage and adult stage were 12.50 + 0.47 and 7.40 + 0.47 days, respectively when compared with control were 7.20 + 0.47 and 12.50 + 0.47 days, respectively.

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