PHI TA KHON FESTIVAL MULTIMEDIA DEVELOPMENT DAN SAI DISTRICT, LOEI PROVINCE

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Saranyaphach Jitpilai

Abstract

            Traditional Folk District, Loei Province, the traditions and culture areuniquely their own. Conservative value should not be lost over time and a publisher, and keeping them alive forever. This study  aimed  to  determine; 1) the gathering of knowledge on Traditional Ghost Dance in Dan Sai District, Loei Province and 2) the developmentof media for presenting informationonTraditional Ghost Dance in Dan SaiDistrict, Loei Province in the form of interactive media CD.This is a participatory action research and the target group were15 experts  who have academic knowledge onTraditionalGhost Dance in Dan SaiDistrict, Loei Province, and 70 tourists whoused the media presenting Traditional Ghost Dance in Dan Sai District, Loei Province. Research tools consisted of (1) documentary studies, participant observation, non-participant observation, group discussion and in-depth interview, digital camera, media, computer, document sheetof knowledge on Traditional Ghost Dance in Dan Sai District, (2) measurement of media development for presenting information on the Traditional Ghost Dance by academic knowledge experts on Traditional Ghost Dance in Dan Sai District, Loei Province, and (3)rating scale questionnairesontouristsatisfactiontowardsthe Traditional Ghost Dance mediapresentation. Collected data were analyzed, and statistic in the study included percentages,  mean scores, and standard deviations.The research was presented in the form of descriptive analysis.The results showed that: 1) the Traditional Ghost Dance sai kind of plays that the players have to makehorrifying Phi Ta Khon mask to wear. Phi Ta Khon dresses are made of colorful fabrics and fabric scraps, then the players wear them and join the parade. For the Phi Ta Khon Festival is a religious tradition in the district, Loei Province locals called it "Boon Luang" or "Boon Yai." In the parade, the idea of creating a ghost is to mimic the dress of the shy people of the remote area. The dresses are made up of the waste household and clothes. The materials used to build the Phi Ta Khon mask is made from glutinous rice steamer and the base of the coconut husk is used as a face. The face is painted with soot from the fire, soil, lime, and turmeric. Old broken mosquito net or robe are used to improve the design and creative costumes, 2) The media development for presenting information on Traditional Ghost Dance in Dan Sai District, Loei Province in interactive media CDas rated by experts is generally at high level, and as considered by items, the media was rated at high level for the contents, the skills presentation and media usage accordingly.3)The satisfaction of the tourists towardsthe use of the mediapresentation information on the Traditional Ghost Dance was highly ranked as following; terms of media use,skills presentation and contents. In summary, the media on Traditions Ghost Dance in Dan SaiDistrict, Loei Province developed from gathering knowledge on Traditional Ghost Dance from the Traditional Ghost Dance experts has the ability to publish custom of Traditional Folk District, Loei Province, and also has the ability to preserve the culture of Dan Sai District, Loei Province for the sustainability of the culture in the district.

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บทความวิจัย