Oral Status and Oral Health Behavior among Health Personnel in Suwannakuha District Nongbualamphu Province

Main Article Content

Alisa Tirarattanasompoch Pirasut Rodanant Komsun Lapauthaya

Abstract

Background and objectives: Health personnel are the person who provide treatment, provide health advice to the public and be the role model of health. Therefore, health personnel should have appropriate health behavior and proper oral status. This study aimed to explore oral status, oral health behavior and factors related to oral health behavior of health personnel in Suwannakuha district, Nongbualamphu province.


Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among health personnel in Suwannakuha district, Nongbualamphu province from May to October 2018. Samples were drawn by stratified random sampling according to occupational characteristics. Oral health status, oral health behavior and factors were collected using the questionnaires created by the researchers. Data were analyzed by using frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation. Chi-square and independent t-test statistics were used to analyze relationship between the factors and oral health behavior.


Results: From 177 health personnel, about 1/3 had extracted the functional tooth, more than 1/3 had dental caries and more than 3/5 had periodontitis. 75% of health personnel had inappropriate dental check-up behavior, 57% had inappropriate oral hygiene care behavior and 41% had inappropriate eating/teeth- misuse behavior. The results showed that oral health attitude and occupational characteristics were related to all 3 behavior. Oral health knowledge was related to dental check-up and oral hygiene care behavior. Oral self-perception and health leadership values ​​were related to oral hygiene care and eating/teeth-misuse behavior. Duty in providing oral health advice was related to dental check-up behavior.


Conclusion: Health personnel in Suwannakuha district Nongbualamphu province should receive dental treatment and promoting oral health behavior by changing attitudes, providing oral health knowledge, raise awareness of their own oral health perception, supporting health leadership values ​​and duty in providing oral health advice. Promoting oral health behavior should consider the differences in the occupational characteristics of personnel as well.

Article Details

Section
Original Articles

References

1. Barnett T, Hoang H, Stuart J, Crocombe L. Non-dental primary care providers’ views on challenges in providing oral health services and strategies to improve oral health in Australian rural and remote communities: a qualitative study. BMJ Open 2015; 5: e009341.
2. อัมพร ตำปาละ, สุวรรณ ประสงค์ตันสกุล, ชไมพร ทวิชศรี, ชยันตร์ธร ปทุมานนท์. สภาวะช่องปากเจ้าหน้าที่โรงพยาบาลลำพูน 2005, Available from: https://www.gotoknow.org/posts/68791
3. Chunpongthong S, Setsathit K, Yeekian C. The oral health behavior of staffs at Queen Savang Vadhana Memorial Hospital. M Dent J 2008; 28: 293-9.
4. Leethochawalit U, Yuyuen S, Kraipitakun S, Viriyajirakul S. Factors influencing oral health status of Taksin hospital personnels. Vajira Med J 2010; 54: 53-65.
5. รายงานผลการสำรวจสภาวะสุขภาพช่องปากแห่งชาติ ครั้งที่ 8 ประเทศไทย พ.ศ. 2560.-นนทบุรี: สำนักทันตสาธารณสุข กรมอนามัย กระทรวงสาธารณสุข, 2561.
6. Fatima SH, Naseem S, Awan SA, Ghazanfar H, Ali Z, Khan NA. Oral Health Practices Among Pakistani Physicians. Cureus 2018; 10: e2093.
7. Rwakatema DS, Ananduni KN, Katiti VW, Msuya M, Chugulu J, Kapanda G. Oral health in nursing students at Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre teaching hospital in Moshi, Tanzania. BMC Oral Health 2015; 15: 23.
8. Sim SJ, Hwang JY, Yoon YJ, Park M, Jung DW, Moon JY. Relationship between perceived oral symptoms and oral health status. Int J Clin Prev Dent 2011; 7: 123-8.
9. Kojima A, Ekuni D, Mizutani S, Furuta M, Irie K, Azuma T, et al. Relationships between self-rated oral health, subjective symptoms, oral health behavior and clinical conditions in Japanese university students: a cross-sectional survey at Okayama University. BMC Oral Health 2013; 13: 62.
10. Messer LB, Calache H. Oral health attitudes and behaviours of final-year dental students. Eur J Dent Educ 2012; 16: 144-55.
11. Iwuala S, Umeizudike K, Ozoh O, Fasanmade O. Oral self-care practices, dental attendance and self-perceived oral health status among internal medicine residents in Nigeria. Eur J Gen Dent 2015; 4: 79-86.
12. Komabayashi T, Kwan SY, Hu DY, Kajiwara K, Sasahara H, Kawamura M. A comparative study of oral health attitudes and behaviour using the Hiroshima University - Dental Behavioural Inventory (HU-DBI) between dental students in Britain and China. J Oral Sci 2005; 47: 1-7.
13. Kawamura M, Ikeda-Nakaoka Y, Sasahara H. An assessment of oral self-care level among Japanese dental hygiene students and general nursing students using the Hiroshima University--Dental Behavioural Inventory (HU-DBI): surveys in 1990/1999. Eur J Dent Educ 2000; 4: 82-8.
14. Umeizudike K, Po A, Taiwo A, Savage K, Alade G. Utilization of Dental Services by Administrative workers in a Tertiary Health Institution in Lagos, Nigeria - A Pilot Study. Nig Qt J Hosp Med 2014; 24: 86-90.
15. Baseer MA, Alenazy MS, Alasqah M, Algabbani M, Mehkari A. Oral health knowledge, attitude and practices among health professionals in King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh. Dent Res J (Isfahan) 2012; 9:386-92.
16. Kengne Talla P, Gagnon MP, Dramaix M, Leveque A. Barriers to dental visits in Belgium: a secondary analysis of the 2004 National Health Interview Survey. J Public Health Dent 2013; 73: 32-40.
17. Ishizuka Y, Yoshino K, Takayanagi A, Sugihara N, Maki Y, Kamijyo H. Comparison of the oral health problems and behavior of male daytime-only and night-shift office workers: An Internet survey. J Occup Health 2016; 58: 155-62.
18. Merchant A, Pitiphat W, Douglass CW, Crohin C, Joshipura K. Oral hygiene practices and periodontitis in health care professionals. J Periodontol 2002; 73: 531-5.
19. Sharda AJ, Shetty S. Relationship of periodontal status and dental caries status with oral health knowledge, attitude and behavior among professional students in India. Int J Oral Sci 2009; 1: 196-206.
20. Kaewsutha N, Intarakamhang U, Duangchan P. The causal factors of oral health care behavior of early adolescents. JBS 2013; 19: 153-63.
21. de Palma P, Ibrahim Aa, Bambaei C, Tessma MK. Is there Association between Self-reported Dental visits, Tooth Brushing, Fluoride use and Perceived Oral Health Status?. J Oral Hyg Health 2016; 4: 206.
22. Hensel D. Relationships among nurses' professional self-concept, health, and lifestyles. West J Nurs Res 2011; 33: 45-62.
23. Madiba TK, Bhayat A, Nkambule NR. Self-reported Knowledge, Attitude and Consumption of Sugar-sweetened Beverages among Undergraduate Oral Health Students at a University in South Africa. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2017; 7: 137-42.
24. Profis M, Simon-Tuval T. The influence of healthcare workers' occupation on Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile. Ind Health 2016; 54: 439-47.
25. Gupta A, Smithers LG, Harford J, Merlin T, Braunack-Mayer A. Determinants of knowledge and attitudes about sugar and the association of knowledge and attitudes with sugar intake among adults: A systematic review. Appetite 2018; 126: 185-94.