Design of Trajectory Tracking System for DC Motors with Uncertain Time-Varying Inertial Loads

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Pinit Ngamsom

Abstract

We considered the problem in which a DC motor was controlled to track a given trajectory
when the corresponding driven load was associated with uncertain time-varying mass moment of
inertia. With the existence of such inertia variation, the corresponding system matrix and input
matrix of the control system were simultaneously uncertain and time-varying. Accordingly,
stability of the control system could not be guaranteed by simply locating all the poles of the
linearized model in the LHP at all time. Based on Lyapunov stability theorem, we came up with
a robust PID controller design technique that yielded satisfactory results for this problem. Our
robust PID controller was easy to implement, and guaranteed uniform input-to-state stability for
the system. It appeared in our investigation on a large Maxxon DC motor that our controller
allowed as high as 100% variation of equivalent inertia loading with respect to rotor inertia. We
provided a tool to facilitate controller tuning so that the resulting control signal stayed within
practical bounds, while achieving a satisfactory level of performance. By selecting an
appropriate transmission ratio, our tracking control system could be employed in demanding
applications such as independent joint control of robots, and spindle control of modern machining
machines.

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How to Cite
Ngamsom, P. (2018). Design of Trajectory Tracking System for DC Motors with Uncertain Time-Varying Inertial Loads. Science & Technology Asia, 23(2), 54-65. Retrieved from https://www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/SciTechAsia/article/view/131203
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