The Effect of Group Reminiscence Program on Self-Esteem among Institutionalized Older Adults

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ญานิศา ดวงเดือน นารีรัตน์ จิตรมนตรี วิราพรรณ วิโรจน์รัตน์

Abstract

     Objective: To examine the impacts that a group-implemented reminiscence programme could have on Institutionalized older adults.
     Design: Experimental research with a pre-test and an immediate post-test, and a two-week follow-up.
     Methodology: The subjects were 44 purposively sampled Institutionalized older adults, assigned equally to an experimental group and a control group. The experimental group participated in the group-implemented reminiscence programme once a week for fve weeks, whilst the control received standard care. Data were collected twice, immediately after the experiment and two weeks after the experiment, through a Selfesteem Questionnaire for Older Adults. The data were analysed using Fisher’s exact test, Independent T-test, ANCOVA and Repeated Measures ANOVA.
     Results: The study revealed a signifcant difference in the average self-esteem scores achieved by the experimental group and control group immediately after the experiment (p < .05); nonetheless, no signifcant difference was found at the end of the two-week follow-up (p > .05). In the experimental group, the average self-esteem scores at the three stages (before, immediately after and two weeks after the experiment)
were signifcantly different (p < .05), whereas the control group displayed no such differences.
      Recommendations: The group-implemented reminiscence programme helped increase the self-esteem of the Institutionalized older adults studied, but such increased self-esteem is still not sustainable. It is suggested, therefore, that the programme be further tested and modifed, so that it can heighten self-esteem in a sustainable manner.

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1.
ดวงเดือนญ, จิตรมนตรีน, วิโรจน์รัตน์ว. The Effect of Group Reminiscence Program on Self-Esteem among Institutionalized Older Adults. Thai Journal of Nursing Council [Internet]. 23Apr.2019 [cited 17Oct.2019];34(2):30-3. Available from: https://www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/TJONC/article/view/169496
Section
Research Reports
Author Biographies

นารีรัตน์ จิตรมนตรี, Mahidol University

Associate Professor, Major Advisor, Retired Instructor, Faculty of Nursing, Mahidol University

วิราพรรณ วิโรจน์รัตน์, Mahidol University

Associate Professor, Co Advisor, Faculty of Nursing, Mahidol University

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